Katsuya Kishimoto

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D-glutamate, an indispensable component of peptidoglycans of bacteria, is provided by glutamate racemase in E. coli cells. Compensation for D-glutamate auxotrophy of E. coli WM335 cells lacking the glutamate racemase gene, murI, with the D-amino acid aminotransferase gene suggests that presence of a threshold concentration for the D-glutamate required by E.(More)
The leucine-to-alanine mutation at residue 201 of D-amino acid aminotransferase provides a unique enzyme which gradually loses its activity while catalyzing the normal transamination; the co-enzyme form is converted from pyridoxal 5'-phosphate to pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate upon the inactivation [Kishimoto,K., Yoshimura,T., Esaki,N., Sugio,S., Manning,J.M.(More)
The crystal structure of dimeric D-amino acid transaminase shows that the two Trp-139 sites are located in a hydrophobic pocket at the interface between the subunits and that the two indole side chains face one another and are within 10 A of coenzyme. This enzyme prefers an aromatic character at position 139, as previously demonstrated by the finding that(More)
Vancomycin possesses the unusual property of promoting the aggregation of proteins. It also binds to itself (dimerization). Both properties may be related to its antimicrobial activity and we report here procedures to measure them. The position of the negative ellipticity band in the near ultraviolet circular dichroism spectrum of the vancomycin monomer(More)
We studied the catalytic role of leucine 201 residue of the thermostable D-amino acid aminotransferase: the residue was shown crystallographically to be in the vicinity of the active site to interact with the bound pyridoxal phosphate. We replaced the leucine 201 by alanyl or tryptophanyl residues by means of site-directed mutagenesis. The L201A and L201W(More)
D-Amino acid aminotransferase is the only aminotransferase that catalyzes the transamination of D-amino acids. We studied the role of the binding site for the alpha-carboxyl group of substrates, which is presumably crucial for the unique stereospecificity of the enzyme. The site-directed mutagenesis of Arg98, which is the putative carboxyl-binding site, as(More)
Glycosylation of penta-O-acetyl heptopyranosyl trichloroacetimidate with the 3-OH acceptor, methyl 2-O-benzyl-4,6-O-benzylidene-7,8-dideoxy-α-D-manno-oct-7-enopyranoside, gave the desired α1-3-linked disaccharide in a 94% yield. The oct-enopyranoside moiety of the disaccharide was converted to the heptoside by oxidative cleavage with osmium(More)
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