Katsuya Iijima

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The mature form of Alzheimer's beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) is phosphorylated specifically at Thr(668) in neurons. In mature neurons, phosphorylated APP is detected in neurites, with dephosphorylated APP being found mostly in the cell body. In vitro, active cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) phosphorylated the cytoplasmic domain of APP at Thr(668).(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Previous reports have suggested that brain atrophy is associated with aging and that there are gender differences in brain atrophy with aging. These reports, however, neither exclude silent brain lesions in "healthy subjects" nor divide the brain into subregions. The aim of this study is to clarify the effect of gender on age-related(More)
OBJECTIVE To date, the effect of Helicobacter pylori on acid secretion remains controversial. To evaluate changes in the gastric acid secretory response before and after H. pylori eradication in a large number of patients, we devised a new endoscopic method of gastric acid secretory testing, the endoscopic gastrin test (EGT). METHODS In EGT, endoscopy was(More)
Alzheimer's amyloid precursor protein (APP), the precursor of beta-amyloid (Abeta), is an integral membrane protein with a receptor-like structure. We recently demonstrated that the mature APP (mAPP; N- and O-glycosylated form) is phosphorylated at Thr668 (numbering for APP695 isoform), specifically in neurons. Phosphorylation of mAPP appears to occur(More)
Yeast Sir2 plays critical roles in gene silencing, stress resistance and longevity. Mammalian Sirt1 NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylase, the closest homolog of Sir2, regulates cell cycle, cellular senescence, apoptosis and metabolism, by functional interactions with a number of biological molecules such as p53. To investigate a role of Sirt1 in endothelial(More)
BACKGROUND Asymmetric NG,NG-dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase and its plasma concentration is elevated in patients with cardiovascular risk factors, including hyperlipidemia, hypertension, diabetes, and hyperhomocysteinemia. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) has been attracting attention as a(More)
The authors describe the characteristics of atypical cystic lobules (ACLs), which represent a step in the formation of low-grade ductal carcinoma in-situ. The authors define ACLs as a proliferation of luminal cells showing low-grade cytological atypia without architectural atypia. ACLs were compared with conventional hyperplasia, low-grade ductal carcinoma(More)
OBJECTIVE Cilostazol, a selective inhibitor of PDE3, has a protective effect on endothelium after ischemic vascular damage, through production of nitric oxide (NO). The purpose of the present study was to clarify the molecular mechanisms underlying the preventive effect of treatment with cilostazol on oxidative stress-induced premature senescence in human(More)
Apoptosis is essential for the initiation and progression of vascular calcification. Recently, we showed that 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl (HMG) CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) have a protective effect against vascular smooth muscle cell calcification by inhibiting apoptosis, where growth arrest-specific gene 6 (Gas6) plays a pivotal role. In the present(More)
We conducted a prospective, open-label multicenter trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of treating children with frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome with cyclosporine. Patients were randomly divided into two groups with both initially receiving cyclosporine for 6 months to maintain a whole-blood trough level between 80 and 100 ng/ml. Over the next(More)