Katsuya Higo

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Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha may play a role in the insulin resistance of obesity and NIDDM. Troglitazone is a new orally active hypoglycemic agent that has been shown to ameliorate insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia in both diabetic animal models and NIDDM subjects. To determine whether this drug could prevent the development of TNF-alpha-induced(More)
The effects of orally administered dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) inhibitor on the glucose-lowering effect of glibenclamide are still unknown. We evaluated the effects of combination treatment with a long-lasting DPP-IV inhibitor, K579 ((S)-1-[4-methyl-1-(2-pyrimidinyl)-4-piperidylamino]acetyl-2-pyrrolidinecarbonitrile), and glibenclamide on the glycemic(More)
We examined the effects of KW-3635, a thromboxane (TX) A2-receptor antagonist, and OKY-046, a TX synthetase inhibitor, on the prostaglandin (PG) I2 production in endothelium-intact and -injured guinea pig aorta and compared them with those of aspirin. In the endothelium-intact aorta, both the low (3 mg/kg) and the high (100 mg/kg) dose of aspirin similarly(More)
Dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors are expected to be categorized in a new type of antidiabetic drugs. We had developed a long-acting dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor, K579 [(S)-1-[4-methyl-1-(2-pyrimidinyl)-4-piperidylamino]acetyl-2-pyrrolidinecarbonitrile]. The aim of present study was to characterize the pharmacological profiles of K579. In normal rats,(More)
Hyperglycemia can lead directly to a secondary state of insulin resistance or can worsen a preexisting insulin-resistant state. Troglitazone is an orally active hypoglycemic agent that has been shown to ameliorate insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia in both diabetic animal models and NIDDM subjects. To determine whether this drug could prevent the(More)
Protective effects of benidipine hydrochloride (KW-3049) against arterial calcinosis and its possible mechanisms of action have been investigated. Arterial calcinosis was induced in rats by combined administration of vitamin D2 (1050000 IU/kg, s.c.) and nicotine (12.5 mg/kg, p.o., b.i.d.) for 6 successive days. Calcium antagonists, benidipine or nifedipine,(More)
The infusion of glucosamine causes insulin resistance, presumably by entering the hexosamine biosynthetic pathway; it has been proposed that this pathway plays a role in hyperglycemia-induced insulin resistance. This study was undertaken to determine if glucosamine infusion could influence exercise-stimulated glucose uptake. Male SD rats were infused with(More)
K579 ((S)-1-[4-methyl-1-(2-pyrimidinyl)-4-piperidylamino]acetyl-2-pyrrolidinecarbonitrile), which is a long-acting and a slow binding dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor, preserved the endogenously secreted active forms of glucagon-like peptide-1, augmented the insulin response and ameliorated the glucose excursion during oral glucose tolerance test in rats.(More)
We examined the effect of coronary thrombolysis by recombinant tissue-plasminogen activator (rtPA) on infarct size using a thrombin-induced thrombosis model of open-chest anesthetized dog. Occlusive thrombus was induced by injection of thrombin (100 U) in the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). The intravenous infusion of rtPA (10(More)
Antithrombotic effects of KW-3635, a newly synthesized thromboxane (TX) A2-receptor antagonist, were studied in guinea pigs. In the extracorporeal circulation thrombosis model, the shunt was filled with thrombi, and reduction of platelet count and increase in plasma TXA2 concentration were observed. KW-3635 (30 and 100 mg/kg, p.o.) inhibited the thrombus(More)