Katsuya Araki

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The activities of the enzymes related to the malate–aspartate shuttle, which convert cytosolic NADH into mitochondrial NADH, were measured in red and white blood cells from thoroughbred horses undergoing continuous training (race horses) and compared with those in blood cells from riding horses. The activities of malate dehydrogenase (MDH), a rate-limiting(More)
Lewy bodies (LBs), which mainly consist of α-synuclein (α-syn), are neuropathological hallmarks of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). The fine structure of LBs is unknown, and LBs cannot be made artificially. Nevertheless, many studies have described fibrillisation using recombinant α-syn purified from E. coli. An extremely fundamental problem is(More)
Immunohistochemical staining with anti-androgen receptor (AR) antibody was performed in skeletal muscle specimens obtained from 3 cases with bulbo-spinal muscular atrophy (BSMA) and 12 cases with other neuromuscular disease. Anti-AR antibody staining was found exclusively in the muscle nuclei of Type 2A fibers in all of the 3 cases. But there was no(More)
A 62-year-old woman presented with subacute cerebellar ataxia, lymph node swelling and skin eruption. Laboratory tests revealed elevated titers of anti-VCA-IgG antibody and anti-EADR-IgG antibody, with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA detected from the blood and CSF by PCR. Since these data were highlighted with the diagnosis of chronic active EBV infection(More)
A 23-year-old man presented tonic-clonic seizure a week after an episode of antecedent infection. Although several anticonvulsants were used, convulsive attacks were not resolved and intravenous anesthetics were used to stop status epileptics. After combination of immunotherapies (high-dose intravenous methylprednisolone, immune absorbance and intravenous(More)
α-synuclein (α-syn) is the main component of Lewy bodies, which are neuropathological hallmarks of patients with Parkinson's disease. As it has been controversial whether human α-syn from erythrocytes exists as a tetramer under physiological conditions, we tried solving this issue by the small-angle X-ray solution scattering method. Under two different(More)
α-synuclein (αSyn) is a protein consisting of 140 amino acid residues and is abundant in the presynaptic nerve terminals in the brain. Although its precise function is unknown, the filamentous aggregates (amyloid fibrils) of αSyn have been shown to be involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease, which is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder. To(More)
A 71-year-old man noted clicking sounds in the ear. At the age of 75, he developed progressive unsteadiness of gait and became unable to walk without assistance at the age of 76. There was no family history of neurologic illness. Neurological examination revealed truncal ataxia and 1-2 Hz rhythmic palatal tremor, which persisted during sleep. Consistently,(More)
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