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Elucidating the in vitro differentiation of human embryonic stem (ES) and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells is important for understanding both normal and pathological hematopoietic development in vivo. For this purpose, a robust and simple hematopoietic differentiation system that can faithfully trace in vivo hematopoiesis is necessary. In this study,(More)
HAX1 was identified as the gene responsible for the autosomal recessive type of severe congenital neutropenia. However, the connection between mutations in the HAX1 gene and defective granulopoiesis in this disease has remained unclear, mainly due to the lack of a useful experimental model for this disease. In this study, we generated induced pluripotent(More)
The protection conferred by egg antibody specific for F18-fimbriae against infection with F18+ Escherichia coli was studied in controlled passive immunization trials involving weaned pigs. Parameters of protection consisted of body weight gain, frequency and severity of diarrhea and recovery of the challenge strain of F18+ E. coli. Weaned pigs at four weeks(More)
Satellite cells are myogenic stem cells responsible for the postnatal regeneration of skeletal muscle. Here we report the successful in vitro induction of Pax7-positive satellite-like cells from mouse embryonic stem (mES) cells. Embryoid bodies were generated from mES cells and cultured on Matrigel-coated dishes with Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium(More)
Human embryonic stem (ES) cells and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells are promising sources for the cell therapy of muscle diseases and can serve as powerful experimental tools for skeletal muscle research, provided an effective method to induce skeletal muscle cells is established. However, the current methods for myogenic differentiation from human ES(More)
A critical issue for clinical utilization of human ES cells (hESCs) is whether they can generate terminally mature progenies with normal function. We recently developed a method for efficient production of hematopoietic progenitors from hESCs by coculture with murine fetal liver-derived stromal cells. Large numbers of hESCs-derived erythroid progenitors(More)
Neural crest cells (NCCs) are an embryonic migratory cell population with the ability to differentiate into a wide variety of cell types that contribute to the craniofacial skeleton, cornea, peripheral nervous system, and skin pigmentation. This ability suggests the promising role of NCCs as a source for cell-based therapy. Although several methods have(More)
Directed specification and prospective isolation of chondrogenic paraxial mesoderm progeny from human pluripotent stem (PS) cells have not yet been achieved. Here we report the successful generation of KDR(-)PDGFRα(+) progeny expressing paraxial mesoderm genes and the mesendoderm reporter MIXL1-GFP in a chemically defined medium containing the canonical WNT(More)
The protective effect of egg yolk and colostrum powders prepared from hens and cows vaccinated with inactivated bovine coronavirus (BCV) antigen was evaluated in a challenge model with a virulent BCV strain. Twenty three calves from BCV-free herds were randomly divided into control and several treatment groups. All calves were orally challenged with 1 x(More)
The mechanism of commencement of hematopoiesis in blood islands of the yolk sac and the aorta-gonad-mesonephros (AGM) region during primate embryogenesis remains elusive. In this study, we demonstrated that VE-cadherin(+)CD45(-) endothelial cells derived from nonhuman primate embryonic stem cells are able to generate primitive and definitive hematopoietic(More)