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We have previously shown that interferon regulatory factor-2 (IRF-2) is acetylated by p300 and PCAF in vivo and in vitro. In this study we identified, by mass spectrometry, two lysine residues in the DNA binding domain (DBD), Lys-75 and Lys-78, to be the major acetylation sites in IRF-2. Although acetylation of IRF-2 did not alter DNA binding activity in(More)
IRF-8/ICSBP and IRF-1 are IRF family members whose expression is induced in response to IFN-gamma in macrophages. IL-12 is a cytokine produced in macrophages that plays a critical role in host defense. IFN-gamma and bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induce IL-12p40 transcription, which is necessary for the production of IL-12. We have previously shown that(More)
A recombinant Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vector-based vaccine that secretes the V3 principal neutralizing epitope of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) could induce immune response to the epitope and prevent the viral infection. By using the Japanese consensus sequence of HIV-1, we successfully constructed chimeric protein secretion(More)
We have previously reported that a lipid molecule in the membrane fraction of cloned macrophage hybridomas inhibited the growth of lymphocytes and several tumor cell lines. In this study, the inhibitory lipid molecule in the membrane fraction of macrophages was analyzed by thin-layer chromatography and identified as 25-hydroxycholesterol, a family of(More)
We have previously shown that interferon regulatory factor-2 (IRF-2) is acetylated in a cell growth-dependent manner, which enables it to contribute to the transcription of cell growth-regulated promoters. To clarify the function of acetylation of IRF-2, we investigated the proteins that associate with acetylated IRF-2. In 293T cells, the transfection of(More)
A concentrated live retrovirus is required for in vitro experiments. A cuprammonium-regenerated cellulose hollow fiber, termed BMM, originally developed for biohazardous viral removal, was used to concentrate two different retroviruses, an ecotropic murine leukemia virus (MuLV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The BMM was useful for concentrating(More)
Hepatitis C virus non-structural protein 5A (NS5A) is a pleiotropic protein with key roles in viral RNA replication, modulation of cellular-signaling pathways and interferon (IFN) responses. To search for possible host factors involved in mediating these functions of NS5A, we adopted an affinity purification approach coupled with mass spectrometry to(More)
"Determination" implies that although a given cell displays none of the recognizable phenotypic traits characteristic of a particular pathway of differentiation it may nonetheless be committed to that pathway; the cell's future genetic program is already decided, though not yet implemented. Implementation of this program ("differentiation") may normally(More)
Induction of cross-reactive cellular and humoral responses to the HIV-1 envelope (env) glycoprotein was examined after DNA immunization of BALB/c mice with gp140(89.6)-derived constructs exhibiting partial or complete deletions of the V1, V2, and V3 domains. It was demonstrated that specific modification of the V3 loop (mV3) in combination with the(More)
The murine acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (MAIDS) caused by defective LP-BM5 murine leukemia virus (MuLV) is a disease that shows severe immunodeficiency with abnormal lymphoproliferation, and hypergammaglobulinemia in susceptible C57BL/6 (B6) mice. To examine the cellular mechanisms of development of MAIDS, we injected LP-BM5 MuLV intraperitoneally(More)