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A fast and quantitative 2D high-resolution magic angle spinning (HR-MAS) total correlation spectroscopy (TOCSY) experiment was developed to resolve and quantify the choline- and ethanolamine-containing metabolites in human prostate tissues in approximately 1 hr prior to pathologic analysis. At a 40-ms mixing time, magnetization transfer efficiency constants(More)
BACKGROUND Studies suggest that micronutrients may modify the risk or delay progression of prostate cancer; however, the molecular mechanisms involved are poorly understood. We examined the effects of lycopene and fish oil on prostate gene expression in a double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial. METHODS Eighty-four men with low risk(More)
A method was developed to quantify prostate metabolite concentrations using (1)H high-resolution magic angle spinning (HR-MAS) spectroscopy. T(1) and T(2) relaxation times (in milliseconds) were determined for the major prostate metabolites and an internal TSP standard, and used to optimize the acquisition and repetition times (TRs) at 11.7 T. At 1 degrees(More)
The goal of this study was to investigate the use of lactate and alanine as metabolic biomarkers of prostate cancer using (1)H high-resolution magic angle spinning (HR-MAS) spectroscopy of snap-frozen transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy tissues. A long-echo-time rotor-synchronized Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill (CPMG) sequence including an(More)
Epidemiological and prospective studies indicate that comprehensive lifestyle changes may modify the progression of prostate cancer. However, the molecular mechanisms by which improvements in diet and lifestyle might affect the prostate microenvironment are poorly understood. We conducted a pilot study to examine changes in prostate gene expression in a(More)
OBJECTIVE Image-guided prostate biopsy has become routine in medical diagnosis. Although it improves biopsy outcome, it mostly operates in 2 dimensions, therefore lacking presentation of information in the complete 3-dimensional (3D) space. Because prostatic carcinomas are nonuniformly distributed within the prostate gland, it is crucial to accurately guide(More)
PURPOSE We summarize our experience with a series of morbidly obese men treated using daily online portal imaging and implanted gold markers to guide external beam radiation therapy (EBRT). METHODS AND MATERIALS Three consecutive morbidly obese men were treated with EBRT for localized prostate cancer. Daily electronic portal imaging was used to verify(More)
At this time there is no highly sensitive and specific widespread radiographic test for local staging of prostate cancer. Future developments will likely require a combination of imaging modalities with utilization guided by risk-stratification models (Table 4). Staging data for all imaging tests discussed in this article are summarized in Tables 5 and 6.(More)
To translate any robot into a clinical environment, it is critical that the robot can seamlessly integrate with all the technology of a modern clinic. MRBot, an MR-stealth brachytherapy delivery device, was used in a closed-bore 3T MRI and a clinical brachytherapy cone beam CT suite. Targets included ceramic dummy seeds, MR-Spectroscopy-sensitive(More)