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Low-voltage-activated T-type Ca2+ channels have been recognized recently in the mechanisms underlying atrial arrhythmias. However, the pharmacological effects of amiodarone on the T-type Ca2+ channel remain unclear. We investigated short- and long-term effects of amiodarone on the T-type (Cav 3.2) Ca2+ channel. The Cav3.2 alpha1H subunit derived from human(More)
The cardiac transcription factors Csx/Nkx2.5 and GATA4 play important roles in vertebrate heart development. Although mutations of Csx/Nkx2.5 or GATA4 are associated with various congenital heart diseases, their mechanism of action on cardiomyocyte function is not completely elucidated. In this study, we therefore investigated the actions of these(More)
We hypothesized that Ca(2+) entry through the window T-type Ca(2+) current causes apoptosis. To test this hypothesis, we transfected human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells to express recombinant Cav3.2 T-type Ca(2+) channels (hereafter called HEK-Cav3.2 cells). After incubation in media containing a high concentration (7.2 mM) of Ca(2+), intracellular(More)
We utilized Wistar rats with monocrotaline (MCT)-induced right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) in order to evaluate the T-type Ca2+ channel current (ICaT) for myocardial contraction. RT-PCR provides that mRNA for T-type Ca2+ channel alpha1-subunits in hypertrophied myocytes was significantly higher than those in control rats (alpha1G; 264+/-36%, alpha1H;(More)
Lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) accumulation in intracellular and/or interstitial space in cardiomyocytes may underlie as a mechanism for tachycardia and various arrhythmias during cardiac ischemia, which is usually accompanied by elevation of intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)). The present study was therefore designed to investigate possible(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) begets AF in part due to atrial remodeling, the molecular mechanisms of which have not been completely elucidated. This study was conducted to identify microRNA(s) responsible for electrical remodeling in AF. METHODSANDRESULTS The expression profiles of 1205 microRNAs, in cardiomyocytes from patients with persistent AF(More)
Effects of bepridil on the low voltage-activated T-type Ca2+ channel (CaV3.2) current stably expressed in human embryonic kidney (HEK)-293 cells were examined using patch-clamp techniques. Bepridil potently inhibited ICa,T with a markedly voltage-dependent manner; the IC50 of bepridil was 0.4 micromol/l at the holding potential of -70 mV, which was 26 times(More)
Antiarrhythmic drugs may induce cellular apoptosis in the heart. By using representatives of 5 different categories of antiarrhythmic drugs, that is, pilsicainide, propranolol, nifekalant, verapamil, and amiodarone, we investigated whether these ion channel blockers or beta-antagonists affect cardiac apoptosis in cell cultures. Cultured H9c2 cells were(More)
T-type Ca(2+) channel current (I(Ca,T)) plays an important role for spontaneous pacemaker activity and is involved in the progression of structural heart diseases. Estrogens are of importance for the regulation of growth and differentiation and function in a wide array of target tissues, including those in the cardiovascular system. The aim of this study(More)
Bepridil is an effective antiarrhythmic drug on supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias, and inhibitor of calmodulin. Recent investigations have been elucidating that bepridil exerts antiarrhythmic effects through its acute and chronic application for patients. The aim of this study was to identify the efficacy and the potential mechanism of bepridil(More)