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Neuronal circuits in the cerebral cortex consist mainly of glutamatergic/excitatory and GABAergic/inhibitory neurons. In the visual cortex, the binocular responsiveness of neurons is modified by monocular visual deprivation during the critical period of postnatal development. Although GABAergic neurons are considered to play a key role in the expression of(More)
We investigated the antinociceptive action of amlodipine, a dihydropyridine derivative, which acts on both L- and N-type voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels (VDCCs), in mice. Intrathecal injection of amlodipine (300 nmol/kg) significantly shortened the licking time in the late phase of a formalin test, while no effect was found with another dihydropyridine(More)
The mammalian visual system exhibits significant experience-induced plasticity in the early postnatal period. While physiological studies have revealed the contribution of the CB1 cannabinoid receptor (CB1) to developmental plasticity in the primary visual cortex (V1), it remains unknown whether the expression and localization of CB1 is regulated during(More)
We investigated the effects of cilnidipine, a dihydropyridine derivative, on neuronal Ca++ channels in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons. Voltage-dependent Ca++-channel currents were recorded, using 5 mM Ba++ as the charge carrier, by means of the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. The Ba++ current was subdivided pharmacologically into calciseptine-sensitive(More)
To help clarify the mechanisms by which volatile anaesthetics act on neuronal Ca2+ channel currents (IBa), the effects of isoflurane were studied on IBa in rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells. Voltage-dependent IBa were pharmacologically subdivided into L-, N- and P/Q-types, and toxin-resistant IBa. At clinically relevant concentrations, isoflurane(More)
Monocular deprivation induces a rapid ocular dominance change in the developing visual cortex. The early phase of the change is supposed to be labile and stabilized later by consolidation processes. To test the stability of early ocular dominance change, we examined whether binocular responses of cortical neurons can recover after a brief monocular(More)
In rod photoreceptor cells, Ca2+-bound recoverin associates with disk membranes and inhibits light-dependent phosphorylation of rhodopsin. However, the functional significance of Ca2+-induced membrane association of recoverin has not been fully evaluated. We found that Ca2+-bound recoverin forms a complex with rhodopsin kinase preferentially at the membrane(More)
1. Activity of rat atrial muscarinic K+ channels has been measured in five configurations of the patch clamp technique. 2. In configurations in which the normal intracellular solution was lost, the slow phase of desensitization (a slow decline of channel activity during an exposure to ACh) was much reduced (or absent) and deactivation (on wash-off of ACh)(More)
We have shown previously that GTP-binding regulatory protein (G protein) beta gamma subunits stimulate the agonist- or light-dependent phosphorylation of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs) and rhodopsin by a protein kinase partially purified from porcine brain (mAChR kinase) but not the phosphorylation of rhodopsin by rhodopsin kinase (Haga, K.,(More)