Katsuo Kumagai

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Aminoalkyl derivatives of bisphosphonates are potent inhibitors of bone resorption. A single I.P. injection of 4-amino-1-hydroxybutylidene-1,1-bis-phosphonate (AHBuBP) induced a prolonged enhancement of histidine decarboxylase (HDC) activity in the bone marrow, spleen, lung, and liver of mice and resulted in an increase in histamine. The induction of HDC by(More)
Mammary gland (MG) secretions (MGS) derived from secretory cows infected with coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) showed somatic cell counts and lactoferrin similar to levels found in the MGS of secretory cows infected with Staphylococcus aureus. However, nitrite and nitrate (NOx) and staphylococcal enterotoxin C (SEC) were found in MGS infected with S.(More)
Lactoferrin (Lf) may play a key role in the clearance of microorganisms from a host. To study in vitro the bactericidal mechanisms of Lf during nonlactating periods, we investigated whether the effects of Lf were influenced by bovine mammary gland secretory cells (MGSC) and fresh normal bovine serum (NBS) as a source of complement. Phagocytic killing tests(More)
To elucidate the pathological roles of staphylococcal enterotoxin C (SEC) in bovine staphylococcal mastitis, a histopathological analysis of SEC-inoculated mammary glands was performed. SEC-inoculated mammary glands exhibited interstitial inflammation, and the leukocytes that migrated into the gland were predominantly polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN). In(More)
Elastase activity and concanavalin A (Con A) low affinity bovine lactoferrin (bLf) molecule were detected in mammary gland secretions (MGSs) from mammary glands (MGs) with clinical staphylococcal mastitis. Changes in clinical symptoms correlated with increases in both elastase activity and the concentration of Con A low-affinity Lf in MGSs from mastitic(More)
The generation of lymphokine activated killer (LAK) cells by recombinant IL2 (rIL2) in collaboration with interferonγ (IFNγ) was examined in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from patients with malignant tumors of the digestive organs and breast cancer. LAK cytotoxicity could be induced by rIL2 at 10 units/ml in 10 of 12 patients and 20 of 37 using(More)
The freeze-fracture replication technique was used to study the mechanoreceptive digital corpuscles in toe pads of mice. The axon terminal plasmalemma had intramembranous particles (IMPs) at a density of 2367 +/- 517 microns-2 (mean +/- S.E.M.) in the P-face and 84 +/- 4 microns-2 in the E-face. Particles were 10 +/- 1.8 nm in diameter in the P-face and 10(More)
To evaluate the clinical effects of bovine lactoferrin on staphylococcal mastitis in Holstein cows during the early non-lactating period, 41 mammary quarters were selected randomly from 36 cows on 3 dairy farms. Twelve quarters were infused intramammarily with bovine lactoferrin. Twenty-nine quarters were infused with antibiotic as a control. In the bovine(More)
Human blood MNC were stimulated for 7 days with a streptococcal preparation, OK-432, in a medium supplemented with either 10% autologous serum (autoserum) or 10% FCS. Cytokines, including IL-2, IL-1, IFN, and TNF in the supernatants, and antitumor cytotoxicity of MNC were analyzed. None of the IL-2 was detectable during the culture in medium with autoserum,(More)
Histamine is involved in the development of gastric lesions. To examine the contribution of the histamine-forming enzyme, histidine decarboxylase, to drug-induced gastric lesions, we compared the effects of aspirin, indomethacin and dexamethasone on histidine decarboxylase activity in mice. Administration of these drugs, orally or intraperitoneally,(More)