Katsuo Kamata

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In obese patients with type 2 diabetes, insulin delivery to and insulin-dependent glucose uptake by skeletal muscle are delayed and impaired. The mechanisms underlying the delay and impairment are unclear. We demonstrate that impaired insulin signaling in endothelial cells, due to reduced Irs2 expression and insulin-induced eNOS phosphorylation, causes(More)
1. Acetylcholine (ACh)-induced relaxation of aortic strips with endothelium and production of cyclic GMP between streptozotocin-induced diabetic and age-matched control rats were compared. 2. The concentration-response curve for ACh-induced relaxation was shifted to the right in diabetic rats. IC50 values for ACh were 4.57 +/- 0.67 x 10(-8) M and 1.00 +/-(More)
We have identified a region (virG) on the 230 kb virulence plasmid of S. flexneri that is required for cell-to-cell spread of the bacterium. Tn5 insertions into this region result in avirulent mutants that can initially invade and multiply in epithelial cells, but tend to lose active movement and tend to localize within the cytoplasm, where they are(More)
The hypothesis that the impaired endothelial function seen in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats may result from an increased nitric oxide (NO) metabolism was tested. Acetylcholine (ACh) increased the nitrite NO(2-) and nitrate (NO(3-)) levels in the perfusates from both control and diabetic aortic strips, although the level of NO(2-) was(More)
1. We investigated the effects of chronic pravastatin treatment on the impaired endothelium-dependent relaxation seen in aortae from established streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Starting at 6 weeks of diabetes, pravastatin (10 mg kg(-1)) was administered to STZ-induced diabetic rats for 4 weeks. 2. The increased total cholesterol and low-density(More)
The crystal structure of L-lactate dehydrogenase from Bifidobacterium longum, determined to 2.5 A resolution, contains a regular 1:1 complex of T- and R-state tetramers. A comparison of these two structures within the same crystal lattice and kinetical characterization of the T-R transition in solution provide an explanation for the molecular mechanism of(More)
BACKGROUND Patients on maintenance haemodialysis (HD) are at greater risk of parenterally transmitted infection with not only A-E hepatitis virus but also with hepatitis G virus (HGV) that has been recovered from patients with non A-E hepatitis. The prevalence of HGV infection in HD patients, which is based on the detection of HGV RNA using reverse(More)
To investigate the influence of diabetes mellitus on the responsiveness of the vascular smooth muscle, the effects of various vasoactive agents on the reactivity of the vascular smooth muscle from diabetic animals have been undertaken, focusing on the functional changes in the endothelium, alpha-adrenoceptors, beta-adrenoceptors, voltage-dependent(More)
1. Experiments were designed to investigate the involvement of superoxide anions in the attenuated endothelium-dependent relaxation of the rat aorta from streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. 2. The endothelium-dependent relaxation responses to acetylcholine (ACh, 10(-7) M) in helical strips of the aorta precontracted with noradrenaline (NA, 5 x(More)
The viral capsid protein of the Seto virus (SeV), a Japanese strain of genogroup I Norwalk-like viruses (NLVs), was expressed as virus-like particles using a baculovirus expression system. An antigen detection enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay based on hyperimmune antisera to recombinant SeV was highly specific to homologous SeV-like strains but not(More)