Katsunori Hase

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Lysosomes are sites for the degradation of diverse cellular components. We recently discovered novel lysosomal systems we termed RNautophagy and DNautophagy. In these systems, RNA and DNA, respectively, are directly imported into lysosomes and degraded. A lysosomal membrane protein, LAMP2C was identified as a receptor for these pathways. The short(More)
Lysosomes can degrade various biological macromolecules, including nucleic acids, proteins and lipids. Recently, we identified novel nucleic acid-degradation systems termed RNautophagy/DNautophagy (abbreviated as RDA), in which RNA and DNA are directly taken up by lysosomes in an ATP-dependent manner and degraded. We also found that a lysosomal membrane(More)
Autophagy is a degradation pathway for cytoplasmic proteins and organelles in eukaryotes. Although the mechanisms of autophagy regulation are not completely understood, the target of rapamycin (TOR) signaling pathway plays a major role in controlling the induction of autophagy. Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)/cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) has(More)
Lysosomes are thought to be the major intracellular compartment for the degradation of macromolecules. We recently identified a novel type of autophagy, RNautophagy, where RNA is directly taken up by lysosomes in an ATP-dependent manner and degraded. However, the mechanism of RNA translocation across the lysosomal membrane and the physiological role of(More)
Single-stranded oligonucleotides (ssOligos) are efficiently taken up by living cells without the use of transfection reagents. This phenomenon called 'gymnosis' enables the sequence-specific silencing of target genes in various types of cells. Several antisense ssOligos are used for the treatment of human diseases. However, the molecular mechanism(More)
RNA degradation is an essential process for maintaining cellular homeostasis. Previously, we have discovered a novel RNA degradation system, RNautophagy, during which direct import of RNA into lysosomes in an ATP-dependent manner followed by degradation takes place. The putative nucleic acids transporter, SID-1 transmembrane family member 2 (SIDT2),(More)
Lysosomes degrade macromolecules such as proteins and nucleic acids. We previously identified 2 novel types of autophagy, RNautophagy and DNautophagy, where lysosomes directly take up RNA and DNA, in an ATP-dependent manner, for degradation. We have also reported that SIDT2 (SID1 transmembrane family, member 2), an ortholog of the Caenorhabditis elegans(More)
We identified a novel gene encoding a new member of the DnaJ family, JDD1 (J domain of DnaJ-like-protein 1), from the rat. The cloned JDD1 cDNA is 1689 bp in size and its deduced amino acid sequence consists of 259 amino acid residues. Immunoblot analysis revealed that JDD1 protein is approximately 30 kDa in size. JDD1 has a J domain that is unique to the(More)
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