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PURPOSE We investigated the effects of intrathecal application of nerve growth factor (NGF) antibodies (Ab) on bladder hyperreflexia in chronic spinalized rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS In adult female rats an intrathecal catheter was implanted at the level of the L6 to S1 spinal cord, followed by complete transection of the Th8 to 9 spinal cord. At 10 days(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy and safety of propiverine hydrochloride (antimuscarinic), naftopidil (alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonist) or both in patients with male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia and concomitant overactive bladder (OAB). MATERIAL AND METHODS Men aged at least 50 years who had a total(More)
Interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS) is a major challenge to treat. We studied the effect of targeted and localized expression of enkephalin in afferent nerves that innervate the bladder by gene transfer using replication-defective herpes simplex virus (HSV) vectors in a rat model of bladder hyperactivity and pain. Replication-deficient(More)
The incidence of DM is rapidly growing among Americans. DM will rival cancer and heart disease in terms of cost and suffering. The National Institute of Health is tripling the research dollars that are spent on diabetic-related research in an attempt to combat this disease. Urologists are on the front line in the diagnosis and treatment of the complications(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the effects of intrathecal application of nerve growth factor (NGF) antibodies (NGF-Abs) and desensitization of C-fiber afferent pathways by capsaicin treatment on detrusor-sphincter dyssynergia (DSD) after spinal cord injury (SCI). MATERIALS AND METHODS In adult female rats SCI was induced by complete transection of the spinal(More)
PURPOSE It has been proposed that a deficiency in the axonal transport of nerve growth factor (NGF) may have an important role in inducing diabetic neuropathy, which contributes to diabetic cystopathy. Therefore, in streptozotocin (Sigma Chemical Co., St. Louis, Missouri) induced diabetic rats we investigated the relationship of bladder function with NGF(More)
Diabetic cystopathy is one of the common complications of diabetes and current therapy is limited. In the present study, the effects of gene therapy, using replication-defective herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) vectors to deliver and express the nerve growth factor (NGF) gene (HSV-NGF) on tissue NGF levels and bladder function, were evaluated in(More)
The two-step transcriptional amplification (TSTA) system was previously reported to enhance the tissue-specific gene expression driven by weak promoters, but the enhancement of the gene expression is limited to use in in vitro and in vivo experimental situations. To achieve robust tissue-specific gene expression using the TSTA system, we developed an(More)
In order to clarify the functional role of the isolectin B4 (IB4)-binding afferent pathway in the micturition reflex, we investigated the effects on bladder activity of intrathecal application of the IB4-saporin conjugate, a targeting cytotoxin that destroys neurons binding IB4. In rats, IB4-saporin (2.5 micro m) or vehicle was administered through an(More)
OBJECTIVE • To explore whether levels of nerve growth factor (NGF) in expressed prostatic secretions (EPS) are correlated with symptom severity in chronic prostatitis (CP) and chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS). PATIENTS AND METHODS • All patients with CP/CPPS underwent a complete history and physical examination, and were scored according to the(More)