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G(M1)-gangliosidosis is an autosomal recessive lysosomal lipid storage disorder, caused by mutations of the lysosomal beta-galactosidase (beta-gal) and results in the accumulation of G(M1). The underlying mechanisms of neurodegeneration are poorly understood. Here we demonstrate increased autophagy in beta-gal-deficient (beta-gal(-/-)) mouse brains as(More)
Episomal vector with the capacity to deliver a large gene containing all the critical regulatory elements is ideal for gene therapy. Human artificial chromosomes (HACs) have the capacity to deliver an extremely large genetic region to host cells without integration into the host genome, thus preventing possible insertional mutagenesis and genomic(More)
Human artificial chromosome (HAC) has several advantages as a gene therapy vector, including stable episomal maintenance that avoids insertional mutations and the ability to carry large gene inserts including the regulatory elements. Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells have great potential for gene therapy, as such cells can be generated from the(More)
We synthesized a galactose derivative, N-octyl-4-epi-beta-valienamine (NOEV), for a molecular therapy (chemical chaperone therapy) of a human neurogenetic disease, beta-galactosidosis (GM1-gangliosidosis and Morquio B disease). It is a potent inhibitor of lysosomal beta-galactosidase in vitro. Addition of NOEV in the culture medium restored mutant enzyme(More)
Lipid movement between organelles is a critical component of eukaryotic membrane homeostasis. Niemann Pick type C (NP-C) disease is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder typified by lysosomal accumulation of cholesterol and sphingolipids. Expression of yeast NP-C-related gene 1 (NCR1), the orthologue of the human NP-C gene 1 (NPC1) defective in the disease, in(More)
Gaucher disease (GD), caused by a defect of acid β-glucosidase (β-Glu), is one of the most common sphingolipidoses. Recently, ambroxol, an FDA-approved drug used to treat airway mucus hypersecretion and hyaline membrane disease in newborns, was identified as a chemical chaperone for GD. In the present study, we investigated the chaperone activity and(More)
OBJECTIVE Gaucher disease (GD) is a lysosomal storage disease characterized by a deficiency of glucocerebrosidase. Although enzyme-replacement and substrate-reduction therapies are available, their efficacies in treating the neurological manifestations of GD are negligible. Pharmacological chaperone therapy is hypothesized to offer a new strategy for(More)
Mucolipidosis II and III are progressive lysosomal storage disorders caused by a deficiency of N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase, leading to massive accumulation of undigested substrates in lysosomes (inclusion bodies) in skin fibroblast. In this study, we demonstrated accumulation of autolysosomes and increased levels of p62 and ubiquitin proteins(More)
We investigated the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on the stability of Kv1.5 channel protein. The expression and function of Kv1.5 (Kv1.5-FLAG) in transfected African green monkey kidney fibroblast cells as well as rat atrium were estimated by immunoblotting, immunoprecipitation, immunofluorescence and patch-clamp(More)
The ubiquitin-proteasome system is responsible for the disappearance of truncated cardiac myosin-binding protein C, and the suppression of its activity contributes to cardiac dysfunction. This study investigated whether missense cardiac myosin-binding protein C gene (MYBPC3) mutation in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) leads to destabilization of its(More)