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Human artificial chromosome (HAC) has several advantages as a gene therapy vector, including stable episomal maintenance that avoids insertional mutations and the ability to carry large gene inserts including the regulatory elements. Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells have great potential for gene therapy, as such cells can be generated from the(More)
Gaucher disease (GD), caused by a defect of acid β-glucosidase (β-Glu), is one of the most common sphingolipidoses. Recently, ambroxol, an FDA-approved drug used to treat airway mucus hypersecretion and hyaline membrane disease in newborns, was identified as a chemical chaperone for GD. In the present study, we investigated the chaperone activity and(More)
Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) disease is a progressive and fatal neurological disorder characterized by accumulation of cholesterol and glycosphingolipids in peripheral tissues and that of glycosphingolipids in the brain. A C57BL/KsJ-npc1(spm) mutant strain is a genetically authentic model of NP-C. This study investigated neuronal cell loss and lipid(More)
Certain low-molecular-weight substrate analogs act both as in vitro competitive inhibitors of lysosomal hydrolases and as intracellular enhancers (chemical chaperones) by stabilization of mutant proteins. In this study, we performed oral administration of a chaperone compound N-octyl-4-epi-beta-valienamine to G(M1)-gangliosidosis model mice expressing R201C(More)
Lipid movement between organelles is a critical component of eukaryotic membrane homeostasis. Niemann Pick type C (NP-C) disease is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder typified by lysosomal accumulation of cholesterol and sphingolipids. Expression of yeast NP-C-related gene 1 (NCR1), the orthologue of the human NP-C gene 1 (NPC1) defective in the disease, in(More)
OBJECTIVE Gaucher disease (GD) is a lysosomal storage disease characterized by a deficiency of glucocerebrosidase. Although enzyme-replacement and substrate-reduction therapies are available, their efficacies in treating the neurological manifestations of GD are negligible. Pharmacological chaperone therapy is hypothesized to offer a new strategy for(More)
We performed screening of beta-galactosidase-deficient fibroblasts for possible chemical chaperone therapy using N-octyl-4-epi-beta-valienamine (NOEV) in patients with GM1-gangliosidosis and Morquio B disease (beta-galactosidosis). Fibroblasts were cultured with NOEV for 4 days and beta-galactosidase activity was measured. Mutation analysis was performed(More)
Cultured fibroblasts from patients with Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) are characterized by lysosomal accumulation of unesterified cholesterol and a defect in intracellular trafficking of cholesterol. We have found the accumulation of GM2 ganglioside in NP-C fibroblasts [Yano T, Taniguchi M, Akaboshi S, Vanier MT, Tai T, Sakuraba H, et al. Proc Japan(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The expression of voltage-dependent K(+) channels (K(v) ) 1.5 is regulated by members of the heat shock protein (Hsp) family. We examined whether the heat shock transcription factor 1 (HSF-1) and its inducer geranylgeranylacetone (GGA) could affect the expression of K(v) 1.5 channels and its anchoring protein, synapse associated(More)
RATIONALE The human ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG) encodes the α subunit of the potassium current I(Kr). It is highly expressed in cardiomyocytes and its mutations cause long QT syndrome type 2. Heat shock protein (Hsp)70 is known to promote maturation of hERG. Hsp70 and heat shock cognate (Hsc70) 70 has been suggested to play a similar function.(More)