Katsumi Fumoto

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Previous studies demonstrated that the phosphorylated myosin II regulatory light chain (MRLC) is localized at the cleavage furrow of dividing cells, suggesting that phosphorylation of MRLC plays an important role in cytokinesis. However, it remains unclear which kinase(s) phosphorylate MRLC during cytokinesis. AIM-1, an Aurora/Ipl1p-related kinase from rat,(More)
Microtubule arrays direct intracellular organization and define cellular polarity. Here, we show a novel function of glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) in the organization of microtubule arrays through the interaction with Bicaudal-D (BICD). BICD is known to form a complex with dynein-dynactin and to function in the intracellular vesicle(More)
Wnt5a is a representative ligand that activates the Wnt/beta-catenin-independent pathway, resulting in the regulation of cell adhesion, migration, and polarity, but its molecular mechanism is poorly understood. This report shows that Dishevelled (Dvl) binds to adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene product, and this binding is enhanced by Wnt5a. Dvl was(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) is known to play a role in the regulation of the dynamics of microtubule networks in cells. Here we show the role of GSK-3beta in the proper formation of the mitotic spindles through an interaction with GCP5, a component of the gamma-tubulin ring complex (gammaTuRC). GCP5 bound directly to GSK-3beta in vitro, and(More)
In plant cells, Al ion plays dual roles as an inducer and an inhibitor of Ca(2+) influx depending on the concentration. Here, the effects of Al on Ca(2+) signaling were assessed in tobacco BY-2 cells expressing aequorin and a putative plant Ca(2+) channel from Arabidopsis thaliana, AtTPC1 (two-pore channel 1). In wild-type cells (expressing only aequorin),(More)
Axin is known to have an important role in the degradation of beta-catenin in the Wnt pathway. Here, we reveal a new function of Axin at the centrosome. Axin was localized to the centrosome in various cell lines and formed a complex with gamma-tubulin. Knockdown of Axin reduced the localization of gamma-tubulin and gamma-tubulin complex protein 2-components(More)
To investigate the role of phosphorylated myosin II regulatory light chain (MRLC) in living cell migration, these mutant MRLCs were engineered and introduced into HeLa cells. The mutant MRLCs include an unphosphorylatable form, in which both Thr-18 and Ser-19 were substituted with Ala (AA-MRLC), and pseudophosphorylated forms, in which Thr-18 and Ser-19(More)
Nonmuscle myosin II activity is regulated by phosphorylation of the myosin II regulatory light chain (MRLC) at Ser19 or at both Thr18 and Ser19, and the phosphorylation of MRLC promotes the contractility and stability of actomyosin. To analyze the states of MRLC phosphorylation at the leading edge in the motile HeLa cells, we have examined the subcellular(More)
Dickkopf1 (DKK1) is a secretory protein that antagonizes oncogenic Wnt signaling by binding to the Wnt coreceptor low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 6 (LRP6). DKK1 may also regulate its own signaling to promote cancer cell proliferation, but the mechanism is not understood. Here, we identified cytoskeleton-associated protein 4 (CKAP4) as a(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3 ) is known to play a role in the regulation of the dynamics of microtubule networks in cells. Here we show the role of GSK-3 in the proper formation of themitotic spindles through an interaction with GCP5, a component of the -tubulin ring complex ( TuRC). GCP5 bounddirectly toGSK-3 in vitro, and their interactionwas also(More)