Katsumi Chikama

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We report on experimental verification of mass transfer of nanoparticles during holographic recording in nanoparticle-dispersed photopolymers. Through direct observations of the microscopic structure of recorded holograms as well as optical measurements of the phase shift between the light interference pattern and a recorded hologram we find that(More)
We demonstrate and characterize volume holographic recording in ZrO(2) nanoparticle-dispersed acrylate photopolymer films that have very low scattering loss. More than thirty-fold reduction in the scattering coefficient, as compared with those of previously reported TiO(2) nanoparticle-dispersed photopolymers, is achieved. It is shown that the refractive(More)
We report an electron-probe microanalysis of a hologram recorded in a silica-nanoparticle-dispersed photopolymer film. We used S and Si atoms as label elements to identify formed polymer and nanoparticle species, respectively. It is found that the periodic density distributions of S and Si atoms are out of phase with each other, indicating that those of the(More)
The hybrid polymer was synthesized by a radical polymerization of a B(12) derivative and a Ru complex having styrene moieties in each peripheral position, and the hybrid polymer showed photocatalytic activity for molecular transformation with visible light irradiation.
We present an overview of recent investigations of photopolymerizable nanocomposite photonic materials in which, thanks to their high degree of material selectivity, recorded volume gratings possess high refractive index modulation amplitude and high mechanical/thermal stability at the same time, providing versatile applications in light and neutron optics.(More)
A flow injection analysis (FIA) method using on-line separation and preconcentration with a novel metal scavenger beads, QuadraSil TA, has been developed for the ICP-OES determination of traces of palladium. QuadraSil TA contains diethylenetriamine as a functional group on spherical silica beads and shows the highest selectivity for Pd(II) at pH 1 (0.1 mol(More)
Background: Recently, several animal studies showed that the core body temperature falls during pneumoperitoneum, and this hypothermia could be prevented by using heated and humidified gas insufflation. However, there are no satisfactory heated humidifiers to meet this purpose. Therefore, we developed a new membrane-type heated humidifier. Materials and(More)
Isotope dilution mass spectroscopy (IDMS)/ICP-MS combined with microchip solvent extraction was successfully applied for the online determination of copper in an aluminum alloy. The microchip solvent extraction was developed for the separation of Cu from major element, and optimal pH range was wider than that of the batchwise extraction method. The(More)
Gold nanoparticles (1 nm in size) stabilized by ammonium salts of hyperbranched polystyrene are prepared. Selection of the R groups provides access to both water- and organo-dispersible gold nanoparticles. The resulting gold nanoparticles are subjected to studies on catalysis in solution, which include reduction of 4-nitrophenol with sodium borohydride,(More)
We demonstrate holographic patterning of semiconductor CdSe quantum dots in photo-polymerizable monomer films for constructing cm-size transmission volume Bragg grating structures. Fluorescence and confocal Raman imaging confirm holographic assembly of CdSe quantum dots in the formed polymer. We observe the diffraction efficiency near 100% from the grating(More)