Katsumasa Kuroi

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Tumor cells stimulate the formation of stroma that secretes various mediators pivotal for tumor growth, including growth factors, cytokines, and proteases. However, little is known about the local regulation of these soluble mediators in the human tumor microenvironment. In this study, the local expression of cytokines, chemokines, and angiogenic factors(More)
The aim of the study was to determine the feasibility and validity of a newly developed patient-based instrument—the Patient Neurotoxicity Questionnaire (PNQ)—for grading chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). We prospectively collected data from 300 female patients who were treated with taxane chemotherapy for primary breast cancer as part of a(More)
Provision of social support and rehabilitation for patients with physical, mental, and functional problems after cancer treatment is important for long-term health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Effective use of human and financial healthcare resources requires identification of patients requiring rehabilitation. The objectives of the current study were(More)
Cancer cells induce proliferation and local accumulation of immunosuppressive cells, such as FOXP3-positive cells known as regulatory T cells (Tregs), leading to tumor-induced immune tolerance. Although cancer chemotherapy is usually considered immunosuppressive, some chemotherapeutic agents activate an anticancer immune response. Therefore, we postulated(More)
BACKGROUND The addition of mTOR inhibitor everolimus (EVE) to exemestane (EXE) was evaluated in an international, phase 3 study (BOLERO-2) in patients with hormone-receptor-positive (HR(+)) breast cancer refractory to letrozole or anastrozole. The safety and efficacy of anticancer treatments may be influenced by ethnicity (Sekine et al. in Br J Cancer(More)
Estrogens play an important role in the pathobiology of breast cancer. In postmenopausal women, peripheral synthesis of estrogens from adrenal/ovarian androgens, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) or androstenedione (Adione), by estrogen-metabolizing enzymes is important. Besides estrone (E1) and estradiol (E2), androgen metabolites, such as androstene-3β,(More)
OBJECTIVE This multicenter, open-label, single-arm, Phase II study assessed the efficacy of a neoadjuvant chemotherapy with docetaxel (75 mg/m(2) q3w) followed by 5-fluorouracil 500 mg/m(2), epirubicin 100 mg/m(2) and cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m(2) q3w in patients with early-stage breast cancer. METHODS Women with resectable breast cancer (T1c-3 N0 M0 or(More)
BACKGROUND Seroma is a common problem in breast surgery. The aim of this systematic review was to identify risk factors for seroma formation. METHODS Articles published in English were obtained from searches of Medline and additional references were found in the bibliographies of these articles. Risk factors were graded according to the quality and(More)
BACKGROUND Evaluating circulating tumor cells (CTCs) is one way to predict outcome and monitor treatment in patients with MBC. In this prospective study, we evaluated CTCs in predicting treatment efficacy and overall survival (OS) using the CellSearch System (Veridex, LLC, Raritan, NJ). METHODS One hundred nineteen patients with MBC with measurable(More)