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We demonstrate the use of saturated excitation in confocal fluorescence microscopy to improve the spatial resolution. In the proposed technique, we modulate the excitation intensity temporally and detect the harmonic modulation of the fluorescence signal which is caused by the saturated excitation in the center of the laser focus. Theoretical and(More)
Metal nanoparticles have recently emerged as ubiquitous surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) agents for nano-imaging and nano-analysis. These applications make use of the unique optical properties of metal nanoparticles to enhance the efficiency of Raman scattering, whereas the small size of the nanoparticles localizes the enhanced Raman scattering at(More)
We propose a multifocus scanning technique in second-harmonic-generation (SHG) microscopy in which the SHG detection efficiency and the image acquisition rate are improved by several tens of times compared with typical single-focus scanning techniques. Because of a microlens array scanner, the laser beam of a mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser is split into ~100(More)
Heat shock protein 47 kDa (Hsp47) is considered as a molecular chaperone essential for the correct folding of type I and type IV procollagen in the ER. However, the function of Hsp47 for other types of procollagen and its importance for chondrogenesis have never been elucidated. To examine the function of Hsp47 in cartilage formation and endochondral(More)
The calcium ion (Ca(2+)) concentrations in a cell are responsible for the control of vital cellular functions and have been widely studied as a means to investigate and control cell activities. Here, we demonstrate Ca(2+) wave generation in HeLa cells by femtosecond laser irradiation and show unexpected properties of the Ca(2+) release and propagation. When(More)
We demonstrate dynamic imaging of molecular distribution in unstained living cells using Raman scattering. By combining slit-scanning detection and optimizing the excitation wavelength, we imaged the dynamic molecular distributions of cytochrome c, protein beta sheets, and lipids in unstained HeLa cells with a temporal resolution of 3 minutes. We found that(More)
We performed label-free observation of molecular dynamics in apoptotic cells by Raman microscopy. Dynamic changes in cytochrome c distribution at the Raman band of 750 cm(-1) were observed after adding an apoptosis inducer to the cells. The comparison of mitochondria fluorescence images and Raman images of cytochrome c confirmed that changes in cytochrome c(More)
We demonstrate high-resolution fluorescence imaging in biological samples by saturated excitation (SAX) microscopy. In this technique, we saturate the population of fluorescence molecules at the excited state with high excitation intensity to induce strong nonlinear fluorescence responses in the center of laser focus, which contributes the improvement of(More)
Noninvasive, straightforward methods to inactivate selected proteins in living cells with high spatiotemporal resolution are needed. Chromophore-assisted laser inactivation (CALI) can be used to photochemically inactivate proteins, but it has several drawbacks, such as procedural complexity and nonspecific photodamage. Here we show that by application of(More)