Learn More
We previously screened neurite outgrowth activities of several Ginseng drugs in human neuroblastoma, and demonstrated that protopanaxadiol (ppd)-type saponins were active constituents. Since ppd-type saponins are known to be completely metabolized to 20-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-20(S)-protopanaxadiol (M1) by intestinal bacteria when taken orally, M1 and(More)
We investigated whether withanolide A (WL-A), isolated from the Indian herbal drug Ashwagandha (root of Withania somnifera), could regenerate neurites and reconstruct synapses in severely damaged neurons. We also investigated the effect of WL-A on memory-deficient mice showing neuronal atrophy and synaptic loss in the brain. Axons, dendrites, presynapses,(More)
Five new withanolide derivatives (1, 9-12) were isolated from the roots of Withania somnifera together with fourteen known compounds (2-8, 13-19). On the basis of spectroscopic and physiochemical evidence, compounds 1 and 9-12 were determined to be (20S,22R)-3 alpha,6 alpha-epoxy-4 beta,5 beta,27-trihydroxy-1-oxowitha-24-enolide (1),(More)
Although Zokumei-to (ZMT), a Kampo formula, has been used for postapopletic sequelae such as paralysis and logopathy, only few studies of this drug have been carried out. We hypothesized that ZMT may affect neuronal plasticity and investigated whether or not this drug is capable of improving learning impairment and synaptic loss observed in patients with(More)
We previously reported that the methanol extract of Ashwagandha (roots of Dunal) induced dendrite extension in a human neuroblastoma cell line. In this study, we found that six of the 18 compounds isolated from the methanol extract enhanced neurite outgrowth in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. Double immunostaining was performed in rat cortical neurons(More)
The reconstruction of neuronal networks in the damaged brain is necessary for the therapeutic treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. We have screened the neurite outgrowth activity of herbal drugs, and identified several active constituents. In each compound, neurite outgrowth activity was investigated under amyloid-beta-induced neuritic atrophy. Most of(More)
The botanical origins of Chinese and Japanese Curcuma drugs were determined to be Curcuma longa, C. phaeocaulis, the Japanese population of C. zedoaria, C. kwangsiensis, C. wenyujin, and C. aromatica based on a comparison of their 18S rRNA gene and trnK gene sequences with those of six Curcuma species reported previously. Moreover, to develop a more(More)
Volatile components in 13 crude drug samples derived from Nardostachys chinensis or Nardostachys grandiflora were studied by solid phase micro extraction (SPME)-GC and SPME-GC–MS. Twenty-three compounds accounting for 81.3 and 70.0% of volatile components in newly collected samples of two species were identified. β-Maaliene, 9-aristolene, calarene and(More)
In Thailand, there are four Mitragyna species; M. speciosa, M. hirsuta, M. diversifolia, and M. rotundifolia. One, M. speciosa, is a narcotic plant and has medicinal importance for its opium-like effect. Since the use of M. speciosa has been forbidden in Thailand, the leaves of M. diversifolia or others are frequently used as substitutes but are not(More)
Ginseng drugs, derived from underground parts of Panax species (Araliaceae), are the most important group of herbal medicines in the Orient. Previously, the nucleotide sequences of the nuclear 18S rRNA gene of 13 Panax taxa were determined, as were the specific polymorphic nucleotides for identification of each species. On the basis of the nucleotide(More)