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There is growing evidence that oxidative stress and mitochondrial respiratory failure with attendant decrease in energy output are implicated in nigral neuronal death in Parkinson disease (PD). It is not known, however, which cellular elements (neurons or glial cells) are major targets of oxygen-mediated damage. 4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) was shown earlier(More)
We investigated the properties of glycine-induced responses in Cajal-Retzius cells, a neuronal cell type essential for the establishment of neocortical lamination. Whole-cell and gramicidin-perforated patch-clamp recordings were performed on visually identified Cajal-Retzius cells in tangential slices from neonatal rat cortex (postnatal days 0-3). With a(More)
To investigate the physiological role of a kidney-specific chloride channel (ClC-K1), we sought to determine its exact localization by immunohistochemistry and its functional regulation using Xenopus oocyte expression system. The antiserum specifically recognized a 70-kD protein in SDS-PAGE of membrane protein from rat inner medulla and an in vitro(More)
Jaw movements and masticatory muscle activity were recorded in freely moving rabbits during limb-licking, chewing, and drinking. The limb-licking movement was characterized by rhythmical jaw movement and digastric burst and relatively small masseter activity. The mean cycle time was 292 ms +/- 11.0 (mean +/- SE: n = 7) and was longer than that in chewing(More)
Senile plaques were found in the cerebral cortices of three very aged cats (more than 18 years old). The plaques consisted of a coarse assembly of silver staining-positive materials, and was morphologically different from the well-known classical, primitive, and diffuse plaques. Congophilic amyloid angiopathy was observed in a few cortical arterioles of the(More)
Melatonin, which plays an important role in circadian rhythm regulation, is highly potent endogenous free radical scavenger and antioxidant. To clarify the neuroprotective effects of melatonin as a free radical scavenger, we recorded changes in synaptic potentials and monitored the generation of superoxide (O)(2)(-) (using hydroethidine) in the CA1(More)
For determining whether both the spinal cord motor neurons and glial cells are exposed to increased oxidative stress in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), we performed an immunohistochemical investigation of end products of lipid peroxidation and protein glycoxidation in spinal cords from seven sporadic ALS patients and seven age-matched control(More)
We investigated lordotic alignment and posterior migration of the spinal cord following en bloc open-door laminoplasty for cervical myelopathy. Fifty-five patients (32 men and 23 women) were studied, with an average follow-up of 2.4 years. Radiological examination included evaluation of lordosis of the cervical spine and spinal cord, degree of enlargement(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE It has been reported that disturbance of blood flow arising from circumferential compression of the cauda equina by surrounding tissue plays a major role in the appearance of neurogenic intermittent claudication (NIC) associated with lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LSCS). We created a model of LSCS to clarify the mechanism of(More)