Katsuhisa Nakatsuka

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BACKGROUND AND AIM Terlipressin has been shown to be effective in the management of hepatorenal syndrome. However, how terlipressin exerts its effect on the renal artery is unknown. The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of terlipressin on systemic, hepatic and renal hemodynamics in cirrhosis. METHODS Twenty-eight patients with cirrhosis(More)
Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) has recently been reported to be effective in the treatment of cirrhotic patients with refractory ascites. However, the clinical utility of TIPS in the subset of refractory ascitic patients with good hepatic and renal function is uncertain. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of TIPS to that(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM The immunological mechanism by which ribavirin (RBV) polarizes the T-helper (Th) 1/2 balance toward Th1 predominancy is not fully understood. We therefore examined whether RBV affects costimulatory signaling, which is known to be essential for regulating the Th1/2 balance. METHODS The expression of costimulatory molecules and their(More)
Cancer immunosurveillance failure is largely attributed to the insufficient activation of tumor-specific class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecule (MHC-I)-restricted CD8⁺ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). DEC-205⁺ dendritic cells (DCs), having the ability to cross-present, can present captured tumor antigens on MHC-I alongside costimulatory(More)
Because regulatory T (Treg) cells play an important role in modulating the immune system response against both endogenous and exogenous antigens, their control is critical to establish immunotherapy against autoimmune disorders, chronic viral infections and tumours. Ribavirin (RBV), an antiviral reagent used with interferon, is known to polarize the T(More)
AIM Much is unknown about the effect of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 levels on the outcome of pegylated interferon/ribavirin (PEG IFN/RBV) therapy for hepatitis C virus-related cirrhosis. The purpose of the present study was to analyze and elucidate factors, including 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 , that contribute to a sustained virological response (SVR) in patients with(More)
Some cirrhotic patients have hepatic veno–venous communications (HVVC) and large porto-systemic collaterals. However, the relationship between wedged hepatic vein pressure (WHVP) and portal vein pressure (PVP) in such patients is not clear. The aim of this study was to determine the relationships between simultaneously measured WHVP and PVP, and occluded(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Although the anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) effect of statins in vitro and clinical efficacy of fluvastatin combined with Pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN)/ribavirin therapy for chronic hepatitis C (CHC) have been reported, the details of clinical presentation are largely unknown. We focused on viral relapse that influences treatment outcome,(More)
The mechanism of action of ribavirin (RBV) as an immunomodulatory and antiviral agent and its clinical significance in the future treatment of patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are reviewed. RBV up-regulates type 1 and/or 2 cytokines to modulate the T helper (Th) 1/2 cell balance to Th1 dominance. Examination of co-stimulatory signaling(More)
BACKGROUND Serum vitamin D concentration is reported to show a decrease in older age. Patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) in Japan are older on average than those in Western countries. Moreover, the outcome of pegylated-interferon (PEG-IFN)/ ribavirin therapy combined with vitamin D in elderly patients is unclear. OBJECTIVES This pilot study explored(More)