Katsuhiro Miyajima

Learn More
Aberrant methylation of CpG islands in promoter regions of tumor cells is one of the major mechanisms for silencing of tumor suppressor genes. We determined the frequency of aberrant promoter methylation of the p16, adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), H-cadherin (CDH13), glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1), O6-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase (MGMT),(More)
A channel-forming antimicrobial peptide, magainin 2, has been shown to translocate across phospholipid bilayers by forming a pore comprising multimeric peptides. The translocation was demonstrated by four sets of experiments by use of resonance energy transfer from tryptophan introduced into the peptide to a dansyl chromophore incorporated into the lipid(More)
The purpose of this study is to compare two groups of adults from different races who were selected on the basis of having normal ("ideal") occlusions and well-balanced faces. The lateral cephalometric radiographs of 54 Japanese adults (26 men and 28 women) were compared with a sample of 125 adults (44 men and 81 women) of European-American ancestry. The(More)
Melittin, a bee venom, is a basic amphiphilic peptide, which mainly acts on the lipid matrix of membranes, lysing various cells. To elucidate the molecular mechanism, we investigated its interactions with phospholipid vesicles. The peptide formed a pore with a short lifetime in the membrane, as revealed by the release of an anionic fluorescent dye, calcein,(More)
The effect of an antimicrobial peptide, magainin 2, on the flip-flop rates of phospholipids was investigated by use of fluorescent lipids, i.e., anionic N-(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)dipalmitoyl-L-alpha- phosphatidylethanolamine (NBD-PE), 1-oleoyl-2-[12-((7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)amino)- dodecanoyl]-L-alpha-phosphatidic acid (C12-NBD-PA),(More)
Magainin 2, an antimicrobial peptide from the Xenopus skin, kills bacteria by permeabilizing the cell membranes. We have proposed that the peptide preferentially interacts with acidic phospholipids to form a peptide-lipid supramolecular complex pore, which allows mutually coupled transbilayer traffic of ions, lipids, and peptides, thus simultaneously(More)
Magainin peptides, isolated from Xenopus skin, kill bacteria by permeabilizing their cell membranes whereas they do not lyse erythrocytes. To elucidate the rationale for this membrane selectivity, we compared the effects of the membrane lipid composition and the transmembrane potential on the membrane-lytic power of magainin 2 with that of hemolytic(More)
The antimicrobial peptides magainin 2 and PGLa, discovered in the skin of the African clawed frog, Xenopus laevis, exhibit marked synergism [Westerhoff, H. V., Zasloff, M., Rosner, J. L., Hendler, R. W., de Waal, A., Vaz Gomes, A., Jongsma, A. P. M., Riethorst, A., and Juretic, D., Eur. J. Biochem. 228, 257-264 (1995)], although the mechanism is not yet(More)
AIM Spontaneously Diabetic Torii (SDT) rat is a new model of non-obese type 2 diabetes. SDT rats show severe ocular complications such as cataracts, tractional retinal detachment with fibrous proliferation and massive haemorrhaging in the anterior chamber. In the present study, blood glucose levels of SDT rats were controlled in order to examine whether(More)
Spontaneously Diabetic Torii (SDT) rat shows severe ocular complications such as tractional retinal detachment. In the present study, effect of protein kinase C beta (PKCbeta) inhibitor JTT-010 was evaluated to clarify the involvement of PKCbeta in complications of SDT rat. SDT rats were administered JTT-010 (10 or 50 mg/kg/day) for 48 weeks. SDT rats(More)