Katsuhiro Koyama

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Vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) is one of the major angiogenic factors, and its actions are primarily mediated through its two membrane receptors, VEGFR-1 and VEGFR-2. A soluble form of VEGFR-1 (sVEGFR-1) sequesters the free form of VEGF-A, and acts as a potent anti-angiogenic factor. While sVEGFR-1 is synthesized as a splice variant of(More)
The relationship between exercise-induced lowering of plasma glutamine concentrations and proliferation of peripheral lymphocytes was investigated in male Wistar rats. The T-lymphocyte proliferative responses to the mitogen, concanavalin A, were determined by incorporation of radiolabelled thymidine into the DNA in vitro. The rats ran 2 h · day−1, 6 days ·(More)
The aim of this study was to examine whether xanthine oxidase (XOD)-derived hepatic oxidative damage occurs in the main not during but following strenuous exercise. The degree of damage to hepatic tissue catalyzed by XOD was investigated immediately and 3 h after a single bout of exhausting exercise, in allopurinol and saline injected female Wistar rats.(More)
We determined the acute effects of oxidative stress on glucose uptake and intracellular signaling in skeletal muscle by incubating muscles with reactive oxygen species (ROS). Xanthine oxidase (XO) is a superoxide-generating enzyme that increases ROS. Exposure of isolated rat extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles to Hx/XO (Hx/XO) for 20 min resulted in a(More)
We investigated the relation between the vitamin D receptor (VDR) genotype and bone mass including the effect of exercise history as a measure of physical activity. BUA (broadband ultrasound attenuation), SOS (speed of sound) and Stiffness index of the calcaneus were measured using an ultrasound bone densitometer in 105 Japanese young adult women (age:(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to determine whether or not educational intervention using the Internet, to prevent osteoporosis, is able to increase bone strength in young women. METHODS Subjects were 253 healthy female university and junior college students aged 18-25 years. After initial measurements of bone stiffness index, a bone formation(More)
BACKGROUND Emerging acute kidney injury biomarkers, including neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), have a high potential for predicting worsening renal function. Acute exacerbation of renal dysfunction has a great impact on the outcomes of cardiovascular patients in critical conditions. This study aimed to evaluate whether plasma NGAL can(More)
In vitro studies have indicated that reactive oxygen species modifying cellular redox status are involved in hypoxia-induced erythropoietin (EPO) production. However, the effects of redox balance on hypoxia-induced EPO production in vivo are still not fully understood. To investigate the effect of the change in cellular redox status on EPO generation, we(More)
Irisin is mainly released from skeletal muscle (myocytes) and promotes thermogenesis by browning of the white adipose tissue. Although exercise has been shown to increase irisin concentration in blood and myocytes via up-regulation peroxisome proliferator receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) expression, the influence of exercise intensity on irisin secretion(More)
The objectives of this paper were to determine the level of oxidative stress in atrophied gastrocnemius, and to verify the effect of molecular hydrogen (H2) saturated alkaline electrolyzed water (HSW) on gastrocnemius atrophy by modifying the redox status, indicated by 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), malondialdehyde (MDA), and superoxide dismutase(More)