Katsuhiro Komase

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A critical component of laboratory surveillance for measles is the genetic characterization of circulating wild-type viruses. The World Health Organization (WHO) Measles and Rubella Laboratory Network (LabNet), provides for standardized testing in 183 countries and supports genetic characterization of currently circulating strains of measles viruses. The(More)
Canine distemper virus (CDV) has recently expanded its host range to nonhuman primates. A large CDV outbreak occurred in rhesus monkeys at a breeding farm in Guangxi Province, China, in 2006, followed by another outbreak in rhesus monkeys at an animal center in Beijing in 2008. In 2008 in Japan, a CDV outbreak also occurred in cynomolgus monkeys imported(More)
We developed a unique monoclonal antibody, mAb61A5, using the nucleoprotein (NP) of influenza virus A/Puerto Rico/8/34 (PR8) strain. Truncation and alanine substitution experiments showed that mAb61A5 recognized the NP fragment with residues 17 to 123 in which a conformational epitope formed by the beta1 sheet and the linker region between the alpha1 and(More)
Many viruses use the host trafficking system at a variety of their replication steps. Measles virus (MV) possesses a nonsegmented negative-strand RNA genome that encodes three components of the ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex (N, P, and L), two surface glycoproteins, a matrix protein, and two nonstructural proteins. A subset of immune cells and polarized(More)
The suspected measles case definition captures rubella cases. Therefore, measles surveillance will be improved in the course of the control and eventual elimination of rubella transmission. One aspect of rubella control, virologic surveillance, is reviewed here. A systematic nomenclature for rubella viruses (RVs) based on 13 genotypes has been established(More)
Rubella virus is the causative agent of rubella. The symptoms are usually mild, and characterized by a maculopapular rash and fever. However, rubella infection in pregnant women sometimes can result in the birth of infants with congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Global efforts have been made to reduce and eliminate CRS. Although a reverse(More)
UNLABELLED Proteolytic cleavage of the hemagglutinin (HA) protein is essential for influenza A virus (IAV) to acquire infectivity. This process is mediated by a host cell protease(s) in vivo. The type II transmembrane serine protease TMPRSS2 is expressed in the respiratory tract and is capable of activating a variety of respiratory viruses, including(More)
The live measles virus (MV) vaccine strain AIK-C was attenuated from the wild-type strain Edmonston by plaque purification at 33 degrees C. Strain AIK-C grew well at 33 degrees C with a mixture of small-and medium-sized plaques in Vero cells, but did not grow well at 40 degrees C. To investigate fusion inducibility, expression plasmids for the fusion (F)(More)
To determine whether rubella virus is involved in the pathogenesis of Fuchs heterochromic iridocyclitis (FHI). Fourteen patients (14 eyes) diagnosed with FHI based on characteristic ocular manifestations and eight control subjects were studied. Aqueous humor (AH) samples from 14 FHI patients and one vitreous sample from a FHI patient were analyzed for(More)