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A critical component of laboratory surveillance for measles is the genetic characterization of circulating wild-type viruses. The World Health Organization (WHO) Measles and Rubella Laboratory Network (LabNet), provides for standardized testing in 183 countries and supports genetic characterization of currently circulating strains of measles viruses. The(More)
The live measles virus (MV) vaccine strain AIK-C was attenuated from the wild-type strain Edmonston by plaque purification at 33 degrees C. Strain AIK-C grew well at 33 degrees C with a mixture of small-and medium-sized plaques in Vero cells, but did not grow well at 40 degrees C. To investigate fusion inducibility, expression plasmids for the fusion (F)(More)
1 based on the verification criteria. 2 Only 35 confirmed measles cases were reported in 2015, and for 2016, measles activity was low until July (n = 16, as of 3 August). However, the number of reported measles cases surged in the middle of August 2016. Several cases were considered sporadic cases without a known source of infection or imported cases(More)
Influenza A and B viruses show clear differences in their host specificity and pandemic potential. Recent studies have revealed that the host protease TMPRSS2 plays an essential role for proteolytic activation of H1, H3, and H7 subtype strains of influenza A virus (IAV) in vivo. IAV possessing a monobasic cleavage site in the haemagglutinin (HA) protein(More)
Numerous mutations are found in subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) viruses, and the M gene is the gene most commonly affected. In some SSPE viruses, such as the MF, Osaka-1, Osaka-2, and Yamagata-1 strains, translation of the M protein is complicated by a transcriptional defect that leads to an almost exclusive synthesis of dicistronic P-M mRNA. To(More)
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