Katsuhiro Ichikawa

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OBJECTIVE Inappropriate patient centering on the gantry changes the size of the localizer radiographs used for CT examinations, influencing the operation of CT automatic tube current modulation because tube current is controlled with information from localizer radiographs. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of inappropriate patient(More)
Recently, several types of post-processing image filter which was designed to reduce noise allowing a corresponding dose reduction in CT images have been proposed and these were reported to be useful for noise reduction of CT images of adult patients. However, these have not been reported on adaptation for pediatric patients. Because they are not very(More)
We evaluated the potential utility of a newly developed liquid-crystal display (LCD), which used an independent sub-pixel drive (ISD) technique for increasing the spatial resolution of a standard LCD three times in one direction, by use of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis and a two-alternative-forced-choice (2AFC) method to determine(More)
The purpose of this study was to clarify whether non-medical-grade liquid crystal displays (LCDs) are acceptable for the soft-copy reading of brain CTs. Four kinds of color LCDs with different image quality levels were used: medical-grade LCD, low-grade general LCD calibrated with the grayscale display function (GSDF), low-grade general LCD calibrated with(More)
We evaluated dynamic changes in water diffusion in the brain during the cardiac cycle by using cine diffusion MRI. On a 1.5-T MRI, ECG-triggered single-shot diffusion echo planar imaging was used with sensitivity encoding, halfscan, and rectangular field of view techniques for minimizing bulk motion effects such as brain pulsation, with a data-sampling(More)
One-hundred-and-twenty-eight-section dual X-ray source computed tomography (CT) systems have been introduced into clinical practice and have been shown to increase temporal resolution. Higher temporal resolution allows low-dose spiral mode at a high pitch factor during CT coronary angiography. We evaluated radiation dose and physical image qualities in CT(More)
The purpose of present study is, in interventional radiology (IVR), to elucidate the differences between each personal dosimeter, and the dependences and calibrations of area or personal dose by measurement with electronic dosimeters in particular. We compare space dose rate distributions measured by an ionization survey meter with the value measured by(More)
Sub-second multidetector-row computed tomography systems provide great potential for the further improvement of CT coronary angiography (CTCA). However, because the temporal resolution (TR) of such CT systems is insufficient, blurring and artifacts produced by fast cardiac motion remain as unresolved issues. Previous TR investigations of CTCA were based on(More)
We measured modulation transfer functions (MTFs) of liquid crystal displays (LCDs) by rectangular waveform analysis. This method consists of taking a picture of the bar pattern on the display surface with a digital camera, and analyzing the picture with a personal computer. The displays used are LCDs of 1M (about 1 million pixels), 2M, 3M, and 5M, and a(More)