Katsuhiko Shimizu

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Earth’s biota produces vast quantities of polymerized silica at ambient temperatures and pressures by mechanisms that are not understood. Silica spicules constitute 75% of the dry weight of the sponge Tethya aurantia, making this organism uniquely tractable for analyses of the proteins intimately associated with the biosilica. Each spicule contains a(More)
This study reviews empirical studies of the resource-based view (RBV) and examines methodological issues and new directions that will help to clarify the value and boundaries of the RBV. Through our comprehensive review of the research design and operationalization of resource-based constructs used in 125 empirical studies, we (1) discuss key empirical(More)
The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the value of preoperative percutaneous CT-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (CTNB) for peripheral lung cancers less than 2 cm in size, especially in cases showing of ground-glass opacities (GGO). From 1999 to 2002, 151 small lung cancers were resected in Tokyo Medical University Hospital. Among(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is constitutively overexpressed in a variety of epithelial malignancies and is usually associated with a poor prognosis. COX-2-derived prostaglandin E2 transforms CD4+CD25+ T regulatory (Treg) cells (Tregs), and Tregs are thought to moderate the antitumor immune response. Herein, we investigated the prognostic value of(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays an important role in tumor angiogenesis. Several studies have reported that genomic VEGF polymorphisms may influence VEGF synthesis. To evaluate the role of VEGF single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), we examined the expression of several angiogenesis-related proteins(More)
The purpose of this study was to clarify the distribution of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations between primary tumors (PT) and metastatic lymph node (MLN) in patients with resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to identify a better predictive marker of the response to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI). We conducted a(More)
MHC class I chain-related molecule A and B (MICA/B) are NK group 2 member D (NKG2D) ligands, which are broadly expressed in transformed cells. Both DNA damage-induced ataxia-telangiectasia-mutated (ATM)- and ATM and Rad3-related protein kinases (ATM–ATR) signaling and oncogene-induced PI3K–AKT signaling regulate the expression of NKG2D ligands, which(More)
Immunocheckpoint inhibitors targeting the programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) and PD-1 ligand 1 (PD-L1) axis have shown promising results in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Recent research has shown that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling affects PD-L1 expression in NSCLC cells; however, the mechanism regulating PD-L1 expression(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study is to clarify the correlations between the expression of membrane-bound estrogen receptor-α (mERα) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation and clinicopathological factors, especially in relation to the prognosis, in patients with lung adenocarcinoma. METHODS We conducted a retrospective review of the data(More)