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Earth’s biota produces vast quantities of polymerized silica at ambient temperatures and pressures by mechanisms that are not understood. Silica spicules constitute 75% of the dry weight of the sponge Tethya aurantia, making this organism uniquely tractable for analyses of the proteins intimately associated with the biosilica. Each spicule contains a(More)
This study reviews empirical studies of the resource-based view (RBV) and examines methodological issues and new directions that will help to clarify the value and boundaries of the RBV. Through our comprehensive review of the research design and operationalization of resource-based constructs used in 125 empirical studies, we (1) discuss key empirical(More)
OBJECTIVES Recently, the prognosis of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has improved, thanks to the standardization of adjuvant chemotherapy and the introduction of molecular-targeted drugs, notably epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors and other new anti-cancer agents. However, the survival characteristics and(More)
The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the value of preoperative percutaneous CT-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (CTNB) for peripheral lung cancers less than 2 cm in size, especially in cases showing of ground-glass opacities (GGO). From 1999 to 2002, 151 small lung cancers were resected in Tokyo Medical University Hospital. Among(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is constitutively overexpressed in a variety of epithelial malignancies and is usually associated with a poor prognosis. COX-2-derived prostaglandin E2 transforms CD4+CD25+ T regulatory (Treg) cells (Tregs), and Tregs are thought to moderate the antitumor immune response. Herein, we investigated the prognostic value of(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays an important role in tumor angiogenesis. Several studies have reported that genomic VEGF polymorphisms may influence VEGF synthesis. To evaluate the role of VEGF single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), we examined the expression of several angiogenesis-related proteins(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study is to clarify the correlations between the expression of membrane-bound estrogen receptor-α (mERα) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation and clinicopathological factors, especially in relation to the prognosis, in patients with lung adenocarcinoma. METHODS We conducted a retrospective review of the data(More)
The purpose of this study was to clarify the distribution of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations between primary tumors (PT) and metastatic lymph node (MLN) in patients with resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to identify a better predictive marker of the response to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI). We conducted a(More)
After the discovery of interleukin-2 (IL-2), lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells, tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), and cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) sensitized with the mixed lymphocyte-tumor culture (MLTC) system have been conducted in adoptive immunotherapy (AIT) trials during past 15 years. Although the overall response rate of tumor shrinkage(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is constitutively overexpressed in a variety of epithelial malignancies and is usually associated with a poor prognosis. Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) has become an important tool for the diagnosis and staging of non-small-cell lung cancer. The maximal standardized uptake values (SUVmax) of(More)