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Recently we found that the level of anti-infarct tolerance afforded by ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and erythropoietin (EPO) infusion was closely correlated with the level of Ser9-phospho-GSK-3beta upon reperfusion in the heart. To get an insight into the mechanism by which phospho-GSK-3beta protects the myocardium from ischemia/reperfusion injury, we(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether erythropoietin (EPO) affords additional cardioprotection to the preconditioned myocardium by enhanced phosphorylation of Akt, STAT3, or glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3 beta). Preconditioning (PC) with 5-min ischemia/5-min reperfusion and EPO (5,000 U/kg iv) reduced infarct size (as % of area at risk,(More)
The aim of this study was to examine possible interactions of ERK and calcineurin in cardioprotection afforded by delta-opioid receptor stimulation. Infarction was induced in rat hearts by 20-min coronary occlusion and reperfusion. Tissue ERK level and calcienurin activity were determined by immunoblotting and an assay using a phosphopeptide substrate,(More)
Postinfarct remodeling impairs mechanisms of ischemic preconditioning. We examined whether myocardial response to activation of the erythropoietin (EPO) receptor is modified by postinfarct remodeling. Four weeks after induction of myocardial infarction (MI) by coronary ligation in post-MI group (post-MI) or a sham operation in sham group (sham), rat hearts(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the role of GSK-3beta in cardiomyocyte protection afforded by erythropoietin (EPO) against oxidant stress-induced apoptosis. Treatment with EPO (10 units/ml) induced Ser473 phosphorylation of Akt and Ser9 phosphorylation of GSK-3beta and significantly reduced the proportion of apoptotic H9c2 cardiomyocytes after(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemic preconditioning accelerates suppression of gap junction (GJ) permeability during myocardial ischemia, and GJ blockers reduce infarct size. We hypothesized that the mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K+ (mitoKATP) channel is one of the mechanisms regulating GJ permeability through the mitogen-activated protein kinase ERK, leading to(More)
OBJECTIVES We aimed to determine the effects of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) treatment on both the repair process and ventricular function after myocardial infarction (MI). BACKGROUND The M-CSF and G-CSF have multiple potential effects on cells involved in wound repair. METHODS Myocardial(More)
of rheumatic mitral stenosis 20 years previously. The patient was readmitted for treatment of idiopathic fever. On admission , slight fever (37.2°C), blood pressure of 121/96 mmHg, and a pulse rate of 68 beats/min were recorded. Auscultation of the heart produced a metallic click sound without significant murmur. On blood tests, white blood cell count and(More)
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