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The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of different concentrations of l-malate (0, 5, 10 and 20 mm), 2-iodopropane-beta-cyclodextrin complex (CD-IP) (0, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.4 mm) and a combination of malate (10 and 20 mm) plus CD-IP (0.2 and 0.4 mm) on methane production from corn starch. Ruminal fluid was collected from dairy cows, mixed with(More)
In order to investigate the application potential of branched CDs, the solubilizing ability and the stabilizing ability of G2-betaCD and GUG-betaCD were investigated by using twelve terpenes (d-limonene, myrcene, terpinolene, geraniol, l-menthol, nerol, alpha-terpineol, citral, d-citronellal, l-perillaldehyde, (R)-l-carvone, and menthone) as guest(More)
Influences of galactosylsucrose and xylosylfructoside on body mass gain, the digestive tract mass and concentrations of organic acids such as acetic, propionic, butyric, lactic and succinic acid in the cecum were compared among rats fed a cholesterol-enriched fiber-free diet [cholesterol 6 + cholic acid 1.5 (g/kg)] containing either galactosylsucrose,(More)
The strongest fibrinolytic protease (F-III-2) in the six enzyme proteins purified from earthworm, Lumbricus rubellus [N. Nakajima et al., Biosci. Biotech. Biochem., 57, 1726-1730 (1993)] has been modified chemically with fragmented human serum albumin (mol. wt., 10,000-30,000). The modified enzyme lost the antigenicity of the native enzyme and reacted with(More)
The effects of alpha-cyclodextrin-horseradish oil complex (CD-HR) on methane production and ruminal fermentation were studied in vitro and in steers. In the in vitro study, diluted ruminal fluid (30 mL) was incubated anaerobically at 38 degrees C for 6 h with or without CD-HR, using cornstarch as substrate. The CD-HR was added at various concentrations (0,(More)
Although the encapsulation of paclitaxel into liposomes has been extensively studied, its significant hydrophobic and uncharged character has generated substantial difficulties concerning its efficient encapsulation into the inner water core of liposomes. We found that a more hydrophilic paclitaxel molecule, 7-glucosyloxyacetylpaclitaxel, retained tubulin(More)
A Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain K-1(T), was isolated from soil at a sucrose refinery in Japan. The strain grew at 9-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C) and at pH 6-11 (optimum, pH 7.0). Phylogenetic analysis based on the full-length 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain K-1(T) revealed that it was a member of the(More)
We investigated the aqueous solubility of paclitaxel using 11 kinds of cyclodextrins (CDs) and the bioactivity of the paclitaxel-CD inclusion complex. 2,6-Dimethyl beta-cyclodextrin was the most effective and its solubility was 2.3 mM in a 0.1 M 2,6-dimethyl beta-cyclodextrin aqueous solution. The inclusion complex of paclitaxel and 2,6-dimethyl(More)
We investigated the effects of various cyclodextrins (CDs) on the aqueous solubility and thermal stability of α-lipoic acid, a compound with low water solubility. α-CD, β-CD, and γ-CD had little effect on the aqueous solubility of α-lipoic acid. In contrast, 6-O-α-maltosyl-CDs increased it in a concentration-dependent manner, 6-O-α-maltosyl-β-CD enhancing(More)
Docetaxel comprises one of the most effective anti-cancer drugs despite of serious side effects. Liposomes encapsulation is practically feasible to deliver the drug. However, due to the significant hydrophobicity, docetaxel will be integrated into the lipid bilayer resulting in poor encapsulation capacity. Here, we evaluated a remote loading strategy using(More)