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Somatic mutations of the PIK3CA (phosphatidylinostitol 3-kinase catalytic subunit) gene have been found in human cancer patients. Previous reports suggested that about 4% of lung cancers harbored PIK3CA gene mutations. However, the clinico-pathological background for PIK3CA gene mutations has not yet been investigated in lung cancer. We have genotyped the(More)
PURPOSE Recently, somatic mutations of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene were found in approximately 25% of Japanese lung cancer patients. These EGFR mutations are reported to be correlated with clinical response to gefitinib therapy. However, DNA sequencing using the PCR methods described to date is time-consuming and requires significant(More)
Activating mutations of Ras gene families have been found in a variety of human malignancies, including lung cancer, suggesting their dominant role in tumorigenesis. Many studies have showed that the Kras gene is activated by point mutations in approximately 15-20% of non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs), however, there are only a few reports on Nras(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy has been considered an effective treatment for palmar hyperhidrosis. However, the extent of resection has not been determined in terms of efficacy and complications. We compared the efficacy and complications of 2-ganglion and single-ganglion resection in patients with palmar hyperhidrosis. METHODS From 1995 to(More)
PURPOSE Human MOB1 (hMOB1) is a recently isolated gene that is a human homologue of the Schizosaccharomyces mitotic checkpoint gene MOB1. The loss of checkpoint control in mammalian cells results in genomic instability, leading to the amplification, rearrangement, or loss of chromosomes, events associated with tumor progression. We hypothesized that hMOB1(More)
Somatic mutations of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene were found in about 25-40% of Japanese lung cancer patients. These mutations are associated with clinical and radiographic responses to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Most common mutation are arginine for leucine substitution at amino acid 858 (L858R) and exon 19 deletions, especially(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, somatic mutations of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene and Braf gene were found in patients with lung cancer. These mutations might be correlated with a clinical response to molecular target therapy. Although a few Caucasian lung cancer patients harbored BRAF mutations, there have been no reports about the BRAF mutation(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutations have been found in a subset of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with good clinical response to gefitinib therapy. A quick and sensitive method with large throughput is required to utilize the information to determine whether the molecular targeted therapy should be applied for the particular NSCLC(More)
Overexpression of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is caused by EGFR gene amplification and is sometimes associated with expression of a variant EGFR (deletion exon 2-7 or EGFRvIII). EGFRvIII mutation has oncogenic potential and is investigated as a potential therapeutic target. We genotyped the EGFRvIII mutation status in 252 surgically treated(More)
Much evidence has accumulated that the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and its family members are strongly implicated in the development and progression of lung cancers. Somatic mutations of the EGFR gene were found in about 25-40% of Japanese lung cancer patients. More recently, erbB2 mutations are found in about 4% of European-derived lung cancer(More)