Katsuhiko Endo

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PURPOSE Recently, somatic mutations of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene were found in approximately 25% of Japanese lung cancer patients. These EGFR mutations are reported to be correlated with clinical response to gefitinib therapy. However, DNA sequencing using the PCR methods described to date is time-consuming and requires significant(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutations have been found in a subset of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with good clinical response to gefitinib therapy. A quick and sensitive method with large throughput is required to utilize the information to determine whether the molecular targeted therapy should be applied for the particular NSCLC(More)
Somatic mutations of the PIK3CA (phosphatidylinostitol 3-kinase catalytic subunit) gene have been found in human cancer patients. Previous reports suggested that about 4% of lung cancers harbored PIK3CA gene mutations. However, the clinico-pathological background for PIK3CA gene mutations has not yet been investigated in lung cancer. We have genotyped the(More)
OBJECTIVE The presence of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations has been reported to predict the response to gefitinib in pulmonary adenocarcinoma patients. A retrospective analysis was conducted to identify the correlation between computed tomographic findings of the nodules and EGFR status. PATIENTS AND METHODS Computed tomographic findings(More)
To evaluate the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) protein expression, gene mutations and amplification as predictors of clinical outcome in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) receiving gefitinib, we have performed fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). We investigated the EGFR amplification and EGFR(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy has been considered an effective treatment for palmar hyperhidrosis. However, the extent of resection has not been determined in terms of efficacy and complications. We compared the efficacy and complications of 2-ganglion and single-ganglion resection in patients with palmar hyperhidrosis. METHODS From 1995 to(More)
Overexpression of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is caused by EGFR gene amplification and is sometimes associated with expression of a variant EGFR (deletion exon 2-7 or EGFRvIII). EGFRvIII mutation has oncogenic potential and is investigated as a potential therapeutic target. We genotyped the EGFRvIII mutation status in 252 surgically treated(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene at kinase domain have been reported in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and some common somatic mutations in EGFR have been examined for their ability to predict sensitivity to gefitinib or erlotinib. However, EGFR mutations at exon 20 have been reported to predict resistance to(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, somatic mutations of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene and Braf gene were found in patients with lung cancer. These mutations might be correlated with a clinical response to molecular target therapy. Although a few Caucasian lung cancer patients harbored BRAF mutations, there have been no reports about the BRAF mutation(More)
Autoimmune regulator (AIRE) is a transcription factor expressed in the thymic medullary epithelial cells (MECs). MECs have been suggested to contribute to tolerance induction by presenting tissue specific antigens to T cells that react to these antigens. AIRE expression in cells other than MECs has not been studied extensively. Here we report four-color(More)