Learn More
1. The spatiotemporal pattern of inhibition in the cat motor cortex was studied in in vitro slice preparations in the presence of 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX) and 2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (APV). 2. After intracortical microstimulation (0.5-6 microA), fast and slow inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (IPSPs) were produced in layers II-VI(More)
1. Modulatory actions of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) on excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) were studied with whole-cell recordings from superficial dorsal horn (SDH) neurones in neonatal rat spinal cord slices. In one-third of SDH neurones, 5-HT induced a sustained potentiation of evoked EPSCs lasting for more than 30 min after wash-out.(More)
Second-order vestibular neurons form the central links of the vestibulo-oculomotor three-neuron arcs that mediate compensatory eye movements. Most of the axons that provide for vertical vestibulo-ocular reflexes ascend in the medial longitudinal fasciculus (MLF) toward target neurons in the oculomotor and trochlear nuclei. We have now determined the(More)
1. To investigate the type of vestibular signals that neurons in the caudal parts of the vestibular nuclei transmit to the cerebellum and spinal cord, we studied their responses to natural vestibular stimulation in vertical planes in decerebrate cats with the caudal cerebellum removed. Most neurons were in the caudal half of the descending vestibular(More)
The lateral tegmental field (LTF), which is comprised of the lateral reticular formation near the obex, is an important integrative area involved in cardiovascular control and the production of emesis. Using neuroanatomical and electrophysiological techniques, we tested the hypothesis that LTF neurons receive vestibular inputs; the neurons studied included(More)
1. Tight-seal whole-cell recordings were made from marginal neurones visually identified in thin slices of 1- to 2-week-old rat lumbar spinal cord. Excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs), either evoked by extracellular stimulation or those arising spontaneously in tetrodotoxin, i.e. miniature EPSCs (mEPSCs), were recorded after blocking inhibitory(More)
The spinal cord segments at T(9-10) were totally excised and the resulting gap was filled by implantation of alginate sponge in adult rats. A horseradish peroxidase-tracing study at 21 weeks after operation showed that numerous ascending and many but less numerous descending regenerating fibres traversed the alginate-filled gap, and that after re-entering(More)
1. Connections from the utricular (UT) nerve to motoneurons and interneurons in the ipsilateral abducens (AB) nucleus were studied in anesthetized and decerebrated cats. Bipolar electrodes were fixed on the left UT nerve under visual observation. The other branches of the vestibular nerve and the facial nerve were transected in the left inner ear. 2.(More)
EEG data obtained from 27 patients with presenile Alzheimer's disease (AD) and 28 patients with senile dementia of the Alzheimer type (SDAT) were compared with data from 30 age- and sex-matched controls. Both patient groups exhibited more pronounced delta and theta activity and less prominent alpha and beta activity than the controls. AD, however, was(More)
Background activity was studied in 128 idiopathic epilepsy patients and 30 normal controls using EEG topography and t-statistic significance probability mapping (t-SPM). In epileptic patients, EEG background activity showed a marked increase in delta, theta, alpha 1, and beta 1, and a decrease in alpha 2 activity as compared with controls. Untreated(More)