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The aim of this study was to determine whether autophagy and AMPK contribute to premature senescence in auditory cells. Incubating HEI-OC1 auditory cells with 5 mM H2O2 for 1 h induced senescence, as demonstrated by senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-gal) staining. H2O2 treatment significantly delayed population-doubling time, leaving cell(More)
The main purposes of our study were to consider the effect of autophagy on auditory cells under oxidative stress, and the function of possible crosstalk among p62, Keap1 and Nrf2 in autophagy-deficient auditory cells. First, we described how cell death was induced in auditory cell line (HEI-OC1) exposed to H2O2. We found that the decision for the cell death(More)
The clinical significance of micrometastasis in sentinel nodes (SNs) may differ in various organs. In particular, the prognostic value of SN micrometastases detected by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) is still controversial. We investigated the diagnostic and therapeutic significance of nodal molecular metastasis detected, by nested(More)
A Kampo medicine, Hochuekkito (TJ-41), with an influenza virus-preventing effect had life-extending effectiveness, and immunological responses other than interferon (IFN)-α release were examined. TJ-41 (1 g/kg) was given to C57BL/6 male mice orally once a day for 2 weeks. Mice were then intranasally infected with influenza virus. After infection, virus(More)
The NO productivity of auditory cells in response to LPS was examined by using conditionally immortalized murine HEI-OC1 auditory cells. HEI-OC1 cells produced NO in response to LPS ranging from 0.1 µg/ml to 100 µg/ml in a concentration-dependent manner. LPS at 100 µg/ml exhibited no cytotoxic action against HEI-OC1 cells and led to the highest level of NO(More)
One of the Keggin-type heteropolyoxotungstates (K7[PTi2W10O40]6H2O:PM-19) is a potent inhibitor of the replication of herpes simplex virus (HSV) both standard strain 169 and the thymidine kinase-defective strain YS-4C-1 in vitro and in vivo. HSV envelope protein, gD, is necessary for virus entry into the cells. Some cellular molecules, such as HVEM, were(More)
The keggin-type heteropolyoxotungstate K(7)[PTi(2)W(10)O(40)].6H(2)O (PM-19) is a potent polyoxometalate (PM) inhibitor of the replication of herpes simplex virus (HSV). Pretreatment of Vero cells with PM-19 prior to HSV-2 infection enhanced the antiviral potency of PM-19 almost 10-fold compared with treatment of the cells only after infection. The(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies of human papillomavirus (HPV)16/18 genome methylation have concluded that methylation status of the L1 gene might act as a biomarker for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). OBJECTIVES We investigated the correlation between methylation status in the L1 gene and the long control region (LCR) of HPV52/58 and CIN. STUDY(More)
We have previously reported that many ingenol compounds derived from Euphorbia kansui exhibit topoisomerase (topo) II inhibitory activity. Of these compounds, 3EZ,20Ac-ingenol inhibited topo I activity. Camptothecin, which inhibits the religation activity of topo I without interfering with the binding of topo I to DNA and induces topo I-mediated DNA(More)
The effects of heteropolyoxotungstate (K(7)[PTi(2)W(10)O(40)]. 6H(2)O; PM-19) on the replication of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) were examined using a semiquantitative polymerase chain reaction of intracellular viral DNA established by us and also other methods. Vero cells were infected with HSV-2 strains: either the standard strain 169, or the(More)