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The aim of this study was to determine whether autophagy and AMPK contribute to premature senescence in auditory cells. Incubating HEI-OC1 auditory cells with 5 mM H2O2 for 1 h induced senescence, as demonstrated by senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-gal) staining. H2O2 treatment significantly delayed population-doubling time, leaving cell(More)
We have previously reported that many ingenol compounds derived from Euphorbia kansui exhibit topoisomerase (topo) II inhibitory activity. Of these compounds, 3EZ,20Ac-ingenol inhibited topo I activity. Camptothecin, which inhibits the religation activity of topo I without interfering with the binding of topo I to DNA and induces topo I-mediated DNA(More)
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