Katrina Holmes

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The metabolism of exogenously infused porcine insulin and glucagon was assessed concurrently in normal fasted dogs under anaesthesia. Hepatic and renal extraction of glucagon were 25.6 +/- 2.3 and 43.7 +/- 3.9%, respectively, and its metabolic clearance 16.5 +/- 0.8 ml/kg/min. Hepatic and renal extraction accounted for 28.5 +/- 4.2 and 28.7 +/- 3.7% of(More)
Both 1,1-dimethyl-4-phenylpiperazinium iodide, a ganglionic stimulating drug (DMPP), and potassium ion (K+) cause a pressor response when injected into Squalus acanthias, an elasmobranch. The pressor responses are due to increased secretion of epinephrine and norepinephrine. The pressor response to DMPP can be blocked by prior infusion of hexamethonium, a(More)
A brief bout of vigorous exercise results in significant increases in plasma epinephrine (E) and norepinephrine (NE) in the dogfish, Squalus acanthias. Since the presence of a functioning sympathetic nervous system in dogfish is in doubt, experiments were undertaken to show whether or not exercise-induced catecholamine (CA) secretion is under autonomic(More)
Bacterial cell wall components induce a number of biologic effects and promote inflammatory changes in a variety of hosts. Peptidoglycan isolated from Streptococcus pneumoniae can induce inflammation in the middle ear; however, an analogous role for peptidoglycan derived from gram-negative otitis media pathogens has not been described. Peptidoglycan(More)
The transgenic (TG) mouse strain 207-4, carries mu a + kappa transgenes ligated to the anti-phosphocholine (PC) VH1 and V kappa 24 V region genes from the MOPC-167 myeloma. Although B cells from mice carrying these transgenes respond both in vivo and in vitro to thymus-dependent Ags, they failed to proliferate in response to soluble goat anti-mu Ab or other(More)
We studied expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) and its main receptor, VEGFR-2, in the small intestine from five groups of fetal sheep (each n = 5): 1) preterm controls, 2) term controls, 3) preterm animals where the fetus was infused with cortisol, or 4) saline, and 5) term animals where adrenalectomy had been performed preterm. The(More)
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