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A series of bis(alkylpyridinium)alkanes with a twelve carbon spacer between the positive charges was synthesised and their antifungal activity has been investigated. Compounds with 2-pentyl, 4-pentyl, 4-hexyl, 4-octyl, 4-propylbenzene, 3,4-dipentyl, 4-(5'-nonyl) and 3-methyl,4-pentyl head groups were the most potent antifungal agents with MICs in the range(More)
An efficient strategy for the preparation of N-linked glycopeptides is described. The method relies on the use of side chain protecting groups on aspartic acid residues, namely the allyl and Dmab esters, which are orthogonal to those utilised in Fmoc-strategy SPPS. After peptide assembly these protecting groups were selectively removed and the resulting(More)
Miltefosine has antifungal properties and potential for development as a therapeutic for invasive fungal infections. However, its mode of action in fungi is poorly understood. We demonstrate that miltefosine is rapidly incorporated into yeast, where it penetrates the mitochondrial inner membrane, disrupting mitochondrial membrane potential and leading to an(More)
The cyclization of small peptides which do not incorporate turn inducers is often difficult. We have developed a method involving the use of removable turn inducers, in the form of pseudoprolines, for the cyclization of difficult peptide sequences. The pseudoprolines induce a cisoid amide bond in the peptide backbone which facilitates cyclization. They are(More)
Native chemical ligation followed by desulfurization is a powerful strategy for the assembly of proteins. Here we describe the development of a high-yielding, one-pot ligation-desulfurization protocol that uses trifluoroethanethiol (TFET) as a novel thiol additive. The synthetic utility of this TFET-enabled methodology is demonstrated by the efficient(More)
Cyclic tetrapeptides have generated great interest because of their broad-ranging biological properties. In order to synthesize these highly strained 12-membered cyclic compounds, a cyclization strategy using pseudoprolines as removable turn inducers has been developed. The pseudoproline derivatives induce a cisoid amide bond in the linear peptide backbone(More)
[reaction: see text] An efficient synthesis of dityrosine and the first syntheses of the tyrosine trimers trityrosine and pulcherosine have been achieved. Protected 3-iodotyrosine underwent tandem Miyaura borylation-Suzuki coupling to give protected dityrosine. The choice of benzyl carbamate, ester, and ether protecting groups enabled a one-step global(More)
The total synthesis of the 43 amino acid antibacterial peptide Microcin B17 (MccB17) is described. The natural product was synthesized via a convergent approach from a heterocycle-derived peptide and peptide thioester fragments prepared via Fmoc-strategy solid phase peptide synthesis (SPPS). Final assembly was achieved in an efficient manner using two(More)
β-Sheet forming self assembling cyclic peptides offer a versatile scaffold for the construction and control of hydrogen-bonded nanotube assemblies. These structures have major advantages over other nanoscale tubular structures, including sub-nanometer control over the internal diameter, and the ability to control internal and external chemical(More)
The ability to spatiotemporally identify the formation of specific anionic species, or track changes in their concentration inside living systems, is of critical importance in deciphering their exact biological roles and effects. The development of probes (also called bioimaging agents and intracellular sensors) to achieve this goal has become a rapidly(More)