Katrin Zeilinger

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INTRODUCTION Primary human hepatocytes are considered as a highly predictive in vitro model for preclinical drug metabolism studies. Due to the limited availability of human liver tissue for cell isolation, there is a need of alternative cell sources for pharmaceutical research. METHODS In this study, the metabolic activity and long-term stability of the(More)
Complex cellular networks regulate regeneration, detoxification and differentiation of hepatocytes. By combining experimental data with mathematical modelling, systems biology holds great promises to elucidate the key regulatory mechanisms involved and predict targets for efficient intervention. For the generation of high-quality quantitative data suitable(More)
Primary human hepatocytes (PHH) are considered to be the gold standard for in vitro testing of xenobiotic metabolism and hepatotoxicity. However, PHH cultivation in 2D mono-cultures leads to dedifferentiation and a loss of function. It is well known that hepatic non-parenchymal cells (NPC), such as Kupffer cells (KC), liver endothelial cells (LEC), and(More)
Since the liver is the main organ involved in the metabolism and the toxicity of xenobiotics, isolated rat hepatocytes have been increasingly used in recent years as a model to identify pharmacological and toxicological responses of drugs. However, it is generally recognised that isolated hepatocytes retain most of their functions only for a short period.(More)
Integrated approaches using different in vitro methods in combination with bioinformatics can (i) increase the success rate and speed of drug development; (ii) improve the accuracy of toxicological risk assessment; and (iii) increase our understanding of disease. Three-dimensional (3D) cell culture models are important building blocks of this strategy which(More)
BACKGROUND Acute liver failure (ALF) remains a disease with high mortality. Bioartificial liver support systems, which combine living cells of the liver in an extracorporeal circuit, have been successfully used in first clinical trials. The shortage of human organs to be used for bioreactors and the lack of safe and effective human liver cell lines have(More)
A remarkable property of the integral glycoprotein dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV, CD 26) is its affinity to proteins of the extracellular matrix (ECM). By in vitro binding assays we have shown that DPP IV binds to collagens; preferentially to the collagens I and III, which are both characterized by the formation of large triplehelical domains. No binding(More)
Drug induced liver injury (DILI) is an idiosyncratic adverse drug reaction leading to severe liver damage. Kupffer cells (KC) sense hepatic tissue stress/damage and therefore could be a tool for the estimation of consequent effects associated with DILI. Aim of the present study was to establish a human in vitro liver model for the investigation of(More)
Cultivation of primary human liver cells in innovative 3D perfusion multi-compartment capillary membrane bioreactors using decentralized mass exchange and integral oxygenation provides in vitro conditions close to the physiologic environment in vivo. While a few scale-up bioreactors were used clinically, inoculated liver progenitors in these bioreactors(More)
METHODS Following liver transplantation, a 26-year old female suffered from primary non-function of the transplant. The patient was subsequently treated with a modular extracorporeal liver support concept until a suitable organ became available. A bioreactor was charged with human liver cells, obtained from a discarded cadaveric graft (470 g, viability:(More)