Katrin Sabine Blum

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Simple morphological assessment of conventional MRI used in routine neurological diagnostic work-up lacks sensitivity and specificity for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Quantitative analysis of routine MRI sequences might, however, be more suitable to reveal ALS-related pathological cerebral alterations. We investigated 10 ALS patients and 10 age- and(More)
Lymphocyte numbers in the blood are used to evaluate the immune status on a daily basis in medicine. Several studies have documented the normal ranges of lymphocytes and lymphocyte subsets in the peripheral blood. A variety of techniques and criteria have revealed clear differences between the lymphocyte subsets in childhood and adolescence. Race and gender(More)
New molecular markers are constantly increasing our knowledge of developmental processes. In this review article we have attempted to summarize the keystones of lymphoid tissue development in embryonic and pathological conditions. During embryonic lymph node development in the mouse, cells from the anterior cardinal vein start to bud and sprout, forming a(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES To prospectively evaluate and compare the accuracy of contrast-enhanced spectral mammography (CESM) and ultrasound (US) in size measurement of breast cancer with histologic tumor sizes as gold standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty women aged between 40-73 years (mean age, 57 ± 10 years) with histologically proven invasive(More)
Tumor lymphangiogenesis promotes metastatic cancer spread to lymph nodes and beyond. However, the potential remodeling and functionality of tumor-draining lymphatic vessels has remained unclear. Thus, we aimed to develop non-invasive imaging methods for repeated quantitative imaging of lymphatic drainage and of contractile collecting lymphatic vessel(More)
Secondary lymphedema often develops after removal of lymph nodes in combination with radiation therapy, in particular in patients with breast cancer, inguinal cancer, cervical cancer and melanoma. No convincing treatment for the prevention and therapy of acquired lymphedema exists so far, therefore we wanted to show the reintegration of transplanted(More)
The transplantation of lymph node fragments and stimulation of lymph vessel regeneration seems to be a promising model to prevent lymphoedema in patients after mammary tumour excision combined with axillary lymph node dissection and irradiation. This study evaluated the advantages of SPECT-CT in studying the regeneration of lymph vessels and lymphoid tissue(More)
Knowledge about the mechanisms of regeneration of the lymphatic vasculature after surgical trauma is essential for the development of strategies for the prevention and therapy of lymphedema. However, little is known about the alterations of lymphatic flow directly after surgical trauma. We investigated lymphatic function in mice using near-infrared imaging(More)
Lymphatic vessels play an essential role in intestinal lipid uptake, and impairment of lymphatic vessel function leads to enhanced adipose tissue accumulation in patients with lymphedema and in genetic mouse models of lymphatic dysfunction. However, the effects of obesity on lymphatic function have been poorly studied. We investigated if and how adipose(More)
The aim of this study was to verify that subcutaneous lymph node transplantation inducing lymphatic regeneration is possible in healthy adult rats, in analogy to results obtained in other species. This rat model was used to determine the effects of lymph node fragmentation as well as sheep erythrocytes and platelet-rich plasma injection on the regeneration(More)