Katrin Merker

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Oxidative stress in mammalian cells is an inevitable consequence of their aerobic metabolism. Oxidants produce modifications to proteins leading to loss of function (or gain of undesirable function) and very often to an enhanced degradation of the oxidized proteins. For several years it has been known that the proteasome is involved in the degradation of(More)
Protein aggregation seems to be a common feature of several neurodegenerative diseases and to some extent of physiological aging. It is not always clear why protein aggregation takes place, but a disturbance in the homeostasis between protein synthesis and protein degradation seems to be important. The result is the accumulation of modified proteins, which(More)
Fibroblasts were exposed to various concentrations of hydrogen peroxide and the removal of oxidized proteins was followed by determining protein-bound carbonyls. Fibroblasts are able to increase the turnover of metabolically radiolabeled proteins after treatment with hydrogen peroxide. It was demonstrated for the first time, that the increased protein(More)
It is suggested that the aging process is dependent on the action of free radicals. One of the highlights of age-related changes of cellular metabolism is the accumulation of oxidized proteins. The present investigation was undertaken to reveal the proliferation-related changes in the protein oxidation and proteasome activity during and after an acute(More)
The nature of the aging process has been the subject of considerable speculation. It is believed that free radical damage to cellular components is one of the main contributors to the aging process. Studies on proteins have shown age-related decline in enzyme activities, age-related accumulation of oxidized proteins and a decline of the proteolytic(More)
One of the highlights of age-related changes of cellular metabolism is the accumulation of oxidized proteins. The aging process on a cellular level can be treated either as the ongoing proliferation until a certain number of cell divisions is reached (the Hayflick limit) or as the aging of nondividing cells, that is, the age-related changes in cells without(More)
Oxidized and cross-linked proteinacious materials (lipofuscin, age pigments, ceroid, etc.) have long been known to accumulate in aging and in age-related diseases, and some studies have suggested that age-dependent inhibition of the proteasome and/or lysosomal proteases may contribute to this phenomenon. Cell culture studies trying to model these aging(More)
Oxidized/cross-linked intracellular protein materials, known as ceroid pigment, age pigment, or lipofuscin, accumulate in postmitotic tissues. It is unclear, however, whether diminishing proteolytic capacities play a role in the accumulation of such oxidized intracellular proteins. Previous studies revealed that the proteasome is responsible for the(More)
INTRODUCTION Copper overload due to a defect in the ATPase 7B mediated copper excretion within hepatocytes produces the phenotype of Wilson disease. The overload of hepatocytes with copper results in necrotic liver cells and is accompanied by a high concentration of blood copper levels. That occurs to be the reason for increasing neurological copper(More)
The amount of the ageing pigment, lipofuscin, found in replicating cells depends both on its rate of formation as well as its rate of dissolution by cell division. We present a model which allows the calculation of the lipofuscin accumulation rate from measurements of its amount and of the cell cycle duration. In two human fibroblast strains, the(More)