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© 2007 American Institute of Physics, S-0031-9228-0711-020-6 When light interacts with matter, it can scatter inelastically from vibrational quantum states. During that process, photons may lose energy to, or gain it from, vibrational excitations. A change in the photon energy must produce a concomitant shift in the frequency of the scattered light (see box(More)
Surface-enhanced Raman (SERS) signatures were measured from single living cells at different times after the uptake of gold nanoparticles. The spectra are indicative of chemical changes in the environment of the nanostructures over time. The increase of the SERS signal strength and parallel TEM studies indicate the formation of nanoaggregates providing(More)
This Account discusses surface-enhanced Raman scattering at extremely high enhancement levels that can occur for molecules attached to silver and gold nanoclusters. Strongly enhanced and highly confined local optical fields enable surface-enhanced Stokes and anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy of single molecules even under nonresonant excitation conditions as(More)
Two-photon excitation is gaining rapidly in interest and significance in spectroscopy and microscopy. Here we introduce a new approach that suggests versatile optical labels suitable for both one- and two-photon excitation and also two-photon-excited ultrasensitive, nondestructive chemical probing. The underlying spectroscopic effect is the incoherent(More)
microfilm or in any other way, and storage in data banks. Duplication of this publication or parts thereof is permitted only under the provisions of the German Copyright Law of September 9, 1965, in its current version, and permission for use must always be obtained from Springer. Violations are liable for prosecution under the German Copyright Law. The use(More)
UNLABELLED This review introduces multifunctional optical nanosensors based on surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) and demonstrates their application in live cells. The novel nanosensors have the potential to improve our understanding of cellular processes on the molecular level. The hybrid sensor consists of gold or silver nanoparticles with an(More)
Surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) at extremely high enhancement level turns the weak inelastic scattering effect of photons on vibrational quantum states into a structurally sensitive single-molecule and nanoscale probe. The effect opens up exciting opportunities for applications of vibrational spectroscopy in biology. The concept of SERS can be(More)
Surface enhancement factors of at least 10(12) for the Raman scattering of single-walled carbon nanotubes in contact with fractal silver colloidal clusters result in measuring very narrow Raman bands corresponding to the homogeneous linewidth of the tangential C-C stretching mode in semiconducting nanotubes. Normal and surface-enhanced Stokes and(More)
We demonstrate spatially resolved probing and imaging of pH in live cells by mobile and biocompatible nanosensors using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) of 4-mercaptobenzoic acid (pMBA) on gold nanoaggregates. Moreover, we also show that this concept of pH nanosensors can be extended to two-photon excitation by using surface-enhanced hyper-Raman(More)