Katrin E. Rhodes

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The mouse placenta was unveiled as an important reservoir for hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), yet the origin of placental HSCs was unknown. By tracking developing HSCs by expression of Runx1-lacZ and CD41, we have found that HSCs emerge in large vessels in the placenta. Analysis of Ncx1(-/-) embryos, which lack a heartbeat, verified that HSC development is(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to evaluate the associations between angiogenesis gene polymorphisms and clinical outcome in ovarian cancer patients treated with low-dose cyclophosphamide and bevacizumab. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Seventy recurrent/metastatic epithelial ovarian cancer patients were enrolled in a phase II clinical trial. Genomic DNA was(More)
In 15% to 30% of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), aberrant proliferation is a consequence of a juxtamembrane mutation in the FLT3 gene (FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3-internal tandem duplication [FLT3-ITD]), causing constitutive kinase activity. ABT-869 (a multitargeted receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor) inhibited the phosphorylation of FLT3, STAT5,(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether mRNA expression levels of cyclin D1 (CCND1), cyclooxygenase 2 (Cox-2), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), interleukin 8 (IL-8), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), all members of the EGFR signaling pathway, are associated with clinical outcome in patients with EGFR-expressing metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC)(More)
An association between epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling pathway and response of cancer cells to ionizing radiation has been reported. Recently, a polymorphic variant in the EGFR gene that leads to an arginine-to-lysine substitution in the extracellular domain at codon 497 within subdomain IV of EGFR has been identified. The variant EGFR(More)
PURPOSE Stage II and III adenocarcinoma of the rectum has an overall 5-year survival rate of approximately 50%, and tumor recurrence remains a major problem despite an improvement in local control through chemotherapy and radiation. The efficacy of chemoradiation therapy may be significantly compromised as a result of interindividual variations in clinical(More)
Forced expression of the four transcription factors Oct4, Sox2, c-Myc, and Klf4 is sufficient to confer a pluripotent state upon the murine fibroblast genome, generating induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. Although the differentiation potential of these cells is thought to be equivalent to that of embryonic stem (ES) cells, it has not been rigorously(More)
BACKGROUND Researchers have recently reported an association between the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway and platinum-chemotherapy sensitivity in cancer patients. The (CA)(n) repeat polymorphism in intron 1 of the EGFR gene has been identified and found to alter EGFR expression in vitro as well as in vivo. A higher number of these CA repeats(More)
The study aimed to investigate whether polymorphisms in genes of the EGFR signaling pathway are associated with clinical outcome in advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) patients treated with single-agent Cetuximab. Polymorphisms of interest in the EGFR pathway include: cyclin D1 (CCND1) A870G, cyclooxygenase 2 (Cox-2) G-765C, epidermal growth factor (EGF) A61G,(More)
The earliest segregation of lineages in the developing embryo is the commitment of cells to the inner cell mass or the trophoectoderm in preimplantation blastocysts. The exogenous signals that control commitment to a particular cell lineage are poorly understood; however, it has been suggested that extracellular "niche" and extracellular matrix, in(More)