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Alternative splicing is an important mechanism to generate a large number of mRNAs, thus increasing proteome diversity and tissue specificity. Three transcript variants of alpha-synuclein, a neuronal protein mainly involved in synapses, have been described so far. Whereas alpha-synuclein 140 is the whole and main transcript, alpha-synuclein 112 and 126 are(More)
Alpha-synuclein, parkin, and synphilin-1 are proteins mainly involved in the pathogenesis of Lewy body (LB) diseases. mRNAs of all three undergo alternative splicing, so that the existence of various isoforms has been described. Since increasing evidence supports the importance of differential isoform-expression changes in disease development, we have(More)
Previous test data on unreinforced masonry walls focused on the global response of the wall. A new dataset on six wall tests, which is publically available, allows linking global to local deformations of masonry walls, which can be useful for advancing performance-based design and assessment methods for unreinforced masonry buildings. This data paper(More)
Alpha-synuclein aggregation is thought to be a key event in the pathogenesis of synucleinopathies. Although different alpha-synuclein alterations and modifications have been proposed to be responsible for early aggregation steps, the mechanisms underlying these events remain unclarified. Alpha-synuclein is a small protein localized to synaptic terminals and(More)
Lewy body diseases include Parkinson disease and dementia with Lewy bodies and are characterized by the widespread distribution of Lewy bodies in virtually every brain area. The main component of Lewy bodies is alpha-synuclein (AS). Accumulating evidence suggests that AS oligomerization and aggregation are strongly associated with the pathogenesis of Lewy(More)
Damage to structural walls in the recent earthquakes in Chile (2010) and New Zealand (2011) demonstrated that modern reinforced concrete (RC) walls may not achieve the expected ductile response but could possibly be triggered by out-of-plane displacements of the wall. Following a review of the mechanisms that cause global out-of-plane buckling of RC walls,(More)
Keywords: U-shaped wall Diagonal loading Quasi-static cyclic test Axial load ratio Longitudinal reinforcement layout a b s t r a c t This article presents results from the experimental testing of two half-scale RC U-shaped walls under quasi-static cyclic bi-directional loading along the diagonal direction of the U-shaped section, which were recently(More)
SUMMARY This article presents a new mechanical model for the non-linear force–displacement response of unrein-forced masonry (URM) walls developing a flexural rocking mode including their displacement capacity. The model is based on the plane-section hypothesis and a constitutive law for the masonry with zero tensile strength and linear elastic behaviour in(More)
Synucleinopathies are characterized by the presence of different types of alpha-synuclein (AS)-positive inclusion in the brain. Thus, whereas Lewy bodies are the hallmark of Parkinson disease and dementia with Lewy bodies, glial and neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions are shown by multiple system atrophy. Because the main component of all these inclusions is(More)
Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is characterized by the widespread presence of Lewy bodies (LBs) in the brain. alpha-Synuclein, the main component of LBs, is expressed as two main isoforms (112 and 140), but little is known about their differential expression in the brain. We compared alpha-synuclein 112 and alpha-synuclein 140 expression levels in the(More)