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Although chemotherapy is able to cure many patients with malignancies, it still also often fails. Therefore, novel approaches and targets for chemotherapeutic treatment of malignancies are urgently required. Recent studies demonstrated the expression of several potassium channels in the inner mitochondrial membrane. Among them the voltage gated potassium(More)
We investigated the in vitro and in vivo activities of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCg), a green tea component, against Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (Sm) isolates from cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. In vitro effects of EGCg and the antibiotic colistin (COL) on growth inhibition, survival, and also against young and mature biofilms of S. maltophilia were(More)
Membrane lipids seem to be organized and not randomly distributed in the cell membrane. In particular, sphingolipids seem to interact with cholesterol in the outer leaflet of the cell membrane resulting in the formation of distinct membrane domains, i.e. rafts. The generation of ceramide within rafts alters their biophysical properties and results in the(More)
Papillomaviruses enter cells via endocytosis (H. C. Selinka et al., Virology 299:279-287, 2002). After egress from endosomes, the minor capsid protein L2 accompanies the viral DNA to the nucleus and subsequently to the subnuclear promyelocytic leukemia protein bodies (P. M. Day et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101:14252-14257, 2004), suggesting that this(More)
Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary metabolic disorder caused by mutations of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene and characterized by severe intestinal and pulmonary symptoms, in particular intestinal obstruction, pancreatic insufficiency, chronic pulmonary inflammation, and microbial lung infections. Recent studies have(More)
Minor capsid protein L2 of papillomaviruses plays an essential role in virus assembly by recruiting viral components to PML bodies, the proposed sites of virus morphogenesis. We demonstrate here that the function of L2 in virus assembly requires the chaperone Hsc70. Hsc70 was found dispersed in naturally infected keratinocytes and cultured cells. A dramatic(More)
We have recently shown that the minor capsid protein L2 of human papillomavirus type 33 (HPV33) recruits the transcriptional repressor Daxx into nuclear domains (ND) 10 and causes the loss of the transcriptional activator Sp100 from these subnuclear structures. In order to dissect L2 domains involved in nuclear translocation, ND10 homing, loss of Sp100, and(More)
Cystic fibrosis patients and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, trauma, burn wound, or patients requiring ventilation are susceptible to severe pulmonary infection by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Physiological innate defense mechanisms against this pathogen, and their alterations in lung diseases, are for the most part unknown. We now(More)
Lipid rafts are distinct cell membrane microdomains that consist of cholesterol, sphingolipids, and some associated proteins. Accumulating evidence suggests that activation of sphingomyelinase and generation of ceramide mediates clustering of lipid rafts to form large ceramide-enriched platforms, in which transmembrane signals are transmitted or amplified.(More)
Ceramide has been shown to be critically involved in multiple biological processes, for instance induction of apoptosis after ligation of death receptors or application of gamma-irradiation or UV-A light, respectively, regulation of cell differentiation, control of tumor cell growth, infection of mammalian cells with pathogenic bacteria and viruses or the(More)