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Correlating the activation foci identified in functional imaging studies of the human brain with structural (e.g., cytoarchitectonic) information on the activated areas is a major methodological challenge for neuroscience research. We here present a new approach to make use of three-dimensional probabilistic cytoarchitectonic maps, as obtained from the(More)
The sizes of Brodmann's areas 44 and 45 (Broca's speech region) and their extent in relation to macroscopic landmarks and surrounding areas differ considerably among the available cytoarchitectonic maps. Such variability may be due to intersubject differences in anatomy, observer-dependent discrepancies in cytoarchitectonic mapping, or both. Because a(More)
Probabilistic maps of neocortical areas and subcortical fiber tracts, warped to a common reference brain, have been published using microscopic architectonic parcellations in ten human postmortem brains. The maps have been successfully applied as topographical references for the anatomical localization of activations observed in functional imaging studies.(More)
The transverse temporal gyrus of Heschl contains the human auditory cortex. Several schematic maps of the cytoarchitectonic correlate of this functional entity are available, but they present partly conflicting data (number and position of borders of the primary auditory areas) and they do not enable reliable comparisons with functional imaging data in a(More)
Probabilistic cytoarchitectonic maps in standard reference space provide a powerful tool for the analysis of structure-function relationships in the human brain. While these microstructurally defined maps have already been successfully used in the analysis of somatosensory, motor or language functions, several conceptual issues in the analysis of(More)
Motivated by the vast amount of information that is rapidly accumulating about the human brain in digital form, we embarked upon a program in 1992 to develop a four-dimensional probabilistic atlas and reference system for the human brain. Through an International Consortium for Brain Mapping (ICBM) a dataset is being collected that includes 7000 subjects(More)
Studies on structural-functional associations in the visual system require precise information on the location and variability of Brodmann's areas 17 and 18. Usually, these studies are based on the Talairach atlas, which does not rely on cytoarchitectonic observations, but on comparisons of macroscopic features in the Talairach brain and Brodmann's drawing.(More)
The inferior parietal cortex (IPC) integrates information from different sensory modalities and plays an important role in a variety of higher cognitive functions. Brodmann (Brodmann, K., 1909. Vergleichende Lokalisationslehre der Grosshirnrinde. Barth, Leipzig) proposed a cytoarchitectonic subdivision of the IPC into only two cortical areas, a rostral (BA(More)
The statistical inference on functional imaging data is severely complicated by the embedded multiple testing problem. Defining a region of interest (ROI) where the activation is hypothesized a priori helps to circumvent this problem, since in this case the inference is restricted to fewer simultaneous tests, rendering it more sensitive. Cytoarchitectonic(More)
The position and extent of individual fiber tracts within the white matter of human brains can be identified in vivo using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and fiber tracking methods. Previous to this study, however, the lack of three-dimensional (3-D) probability maps precluded comparing the anatomical precision of MRI studies with microscopically defined(More)