Katrien Vekemans

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OBJECTIVE To design a multifactorial biological modulation approach targeting ischemia reperfusion injury to augment viability of porcine liver grafts from non-heart-beating donors (NHBD). BACKGROUND DATA Liver Transplantation (LTx) from NHBD is associated with an increased risk of primary nonfunction (PNF) and biliary complications. In porcine NHBD-LTx,(More)
In renal transplantation, hypothermic machine perfusion optimizes preservation of marginal grafts, assesses their quality prior to transplantation, improves outcome, and may contribute to an increased number of transplantations. Recently, hypothermic machine perfusion has become increasingly popular given the organ shortage and the "obligatory" utilization(More)
INTRODUCTION In contrast with kidneys, data on hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) of livers remain scarce. Optimal liver HMP is poorly defined. Superiority of liver HMP over simple cold storage (SCS), the current standard preservation, must be proven before HMP is applied clinically. In this study, morphology and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) contents of(More)
The hepatotropism and intrahepatic distribution of adenoviral vectors may be species dependent. Hepatocyte transduction was evaluated in three rabbit strains after transfer with E1E3E4-deleted adenoviral vectors containing a hepatocyte specific alpha1-antitrypsin promoter-driven expression cassette (AdAT4). Intravenous administration of 4 x 10(12)(More)
Due to the sharp increase in liver transplant candidates and the subsequent shortage of suitable donor livers, an extension of the current donor criteria is necessary. Simple cold storage, the current standard in organ preservation has proven to be insufficient to preserve extended criteria donor livers. Therefore a renewed interest grew toward alternative(More)
The widening gap between supply and demand for liver transplantation has prompted many transplant centers to use donors after cardiac death or non-heart-beating donors. These livers--contrary to "classical" brain-dead donors--are exposed to an unavoidable period of warm ischemia, jeopardizing graft function post-transplantation. In a newly developed(More)
Liver sinusoids harbor populations of 2 important types of immunocompetent cells, Kupffer cells (KCs) and natural killer (NK) cells, which are thought to play an important role in controlling hepatic metastasis in the first 24 hr upon arrival of the tumor cells in the liver. We studied the early interaction of KCs, NK and CC531s colon carcinoma cells in a(More)
Autotaxin, also known as NPP2 (nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 2), is a secreted lysophospholipase-D that generates lysophosphatidic acid and thereby promotes the metastatic and invasive properties of tumor cell as well as angiogenesis. We show here that, in mice, NPP2 is cleared from the circulation within minutes and is retained by the liver(More)
Prolactin (PRL) shares structural and functional features with haemopoietic factors and cytokine peptides. Dendritic cells (DC) are involved in both initiating the primary and boosting the secondary host immune response and can be differentiated in vitro from precursors under the effect of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) plus other(More)