Katri A. Leinonen

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PURPOSE The aim of the study was to examine whether TMPRSS2:ERG fusion or SPINK1 protein expression is associated with hormone responsiveness of prostate cancer and can thus be used as a biomarker. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Diagnostic needle biopsies from prostate cancer patients primarily treated by endocrine therapy were evaluated for TMPRSS2:ERG fusion with(More)
BACKGROUND The associations of ERG overexpression with clinical behavior and molecular pathways of prostate cancer are incompletely known. We assessed the association of ERG expression with AR, PTEN, SPINK1, Ki-67, and EZH2 expression levels, deletion, and mutations of chromosomal region 3p14 and TP53, and clinicopathologic variables. METHODS The material(More)
M olecular therapies targeting the androgen receptor (AR) or pathways involved in androgen synthesis form a critical component of the standard-of-care in treating aggressive, nonlocalized prostate cancers. The major problem with these therapies is that castration resistant clones arise within 1–3 years of treatment initiation, leading to clinical relapse(More)
Microseminoprotein-beta (MSMB, MSMB) is an abundant secretory protein contributed by the prostate, and is implicated as a prostate cancer (PC) biomarker based on observations of its lower expression in cancerous cells compared with benign prostate epithelium. However, as the current literature on MSMB is inconsistent, we assessed the expression of MSMB at(More)
Molecular and epidemiological differences have been described between TMPRSS2:ERG fusion-positive and fusion-negative prostate cancer (PrCa). Assuming two molecularly distinct subtypes, we have examined 27 common PrCa risk variants, previously identified in genome-wide association studies, for subtype specific associations in a total of 1221 TMPRSS2:ERG(More)
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified 76 variants associated with prostate cancer risk predominantly in populations of European ancestry. To identify additional susceptibility loci for this common cancer, we conducted a meta-analysis of >10 million SNPs in 43,303 prostate cancer cases and 43,737 controls from studies in populations of(More)
Amplification of the 9p13.3 chromosomal region occurs in a subset of prostate cancers (PCs); however, the target gene or genes of this amplification have remained unidentified. The aim of this study was to investigate the 9p13.3 amplification in more detail to identify genes that are potentially advantageous for cancer cells. We narrowed down the minimally(More)
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