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We have cloned and sequenced an area of about 6 kb of the plastid DNA (ptDNA) from the holoparasitic plant Cuscuta reflexa. This region contains (in the following order) genes for the cytochrome b6 f-complex subunit V (petG), tRNA(Val) (trnV), tRNA(Met) (trnM), the epsilon- and beta-subunit of the chloroplast ATP-synthase (atpE and atpB) and the large(More)
Plastids possess a bacteria-like sec apparatus that is involved in protein import into the thylakoid lumen. We have analyzed one of the genes essential for this process, secY. A secY gene from the unicellular red alga Cyanidium caldarium was found to be transcriptionally active, demonstrating for the first time that secY is functional in a plastid. Unlike(More)
In bacteria many periplasmatic proteins are exported via the sec-dependent pathway. A homologous apparatus was found to be involved in the transport of proteins across the thylakoid membrane in plastids. In the present study additional data on the phylogeny and expression of one of the genes essential in this process, secA, is presented. For the first time,(More)
The genes for both subunits of Rubisco (rbcL, rbcS) are located on the plastome of the brown alga Ectocarpus siliculosus (Chromophyta, Phaeophyceae). The organization of these genes in the form of an operon was similar to that found in rhodoplasts, cyanobacteria and the plastids of Cryptomonas phi. Sequence analysis of the complete operon revealed a high(More)
The gene (rbcL) for the large subunit (LSU) of Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) from Cyanophora paradoxa was cloned and the nucleotide sequence determined. Sequence homologies to rbcL genes from other sources clearly indicated a close phylogenetic relationship between the photosynthetic organelles of Cyanophora (cyanelles), green(More)
In the multicellular red alga Antithamnion spec. both rubisco genes (rbcL and rbcS) are encoded on the plastid DNA (ptDNA). Both genes are separated by a short A/T-rich spacer of 100 bp and are cotranscribed into an mRNA of approximately 2.7 kb. These findings are in extensive agreement with those obtained from two unicellular red algae (Porphyridium(More)
The genes for both subunits of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate-carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) were located on the plastid DNA (ptDNA) of the unicellular red alga Cyanidium caldarium. Both genes are organized together in an operon. The sequence homology of both genes to the corresponding genes from the unicellular red alga Porphyridium aerugineum is remarkably(More)
An actively transcribed gene (glsF) encoding for ferredoxin-dependent glutamate synthase (Fd-GOGAT) was found on the plastid genome of the multicellular red alga Antithamnion sp. Fd-GOGAT is not plastid-encoded in chlorophytic plants, demonstrating that red algal plastid genomes encode for additional functions when compared to those known from green(More)
We have sequenced a plastid gene cluster from the unicellular red alga Cyanidium caldarium which is located downstream from the psbA gene and contains, in the following order, genes for a beta-allophycocyanin-like protein (apcB'), a putative 9.5 kDa allophycocyanin linker protein (apcL9.5) and a putative 29 kDa phycocyanin linker protein (cpcL29). The apcB'(More)
Plastid (pt) DNA from the red alga Porphyridium aerugineum was purified by CsCl gradient centrifugation. An EcoRI library of the ptDNA was screened with a gene probe specific for the gene encoding the large subunit (LSU) of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco EC from spinach. A 5.8 kb EcoRI clone containing the LSU gene (rbcL)(More)