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Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a mosquito-transmitted alphavirus that causes chikungunya fever and has infected millions of people mainly in developing countries. The associated disease is characterized by rash, high fever and severe arthritis that can persist for years. CHIKV has adapted to Aedes albopictus, which also inhabits temperate regions, including(More)
RNA interference (RNAi) technology has not only become a powerful tool for functional genomics, but also allows rapid drug target discovery and in vitro validation of these targets in cell culture. Furthermore, RNAi represents a promising novel therapeutic option for treating human diseases, in particular cancer. Selective gene silencing by RNAi can be(More)
Short hairpin RNA (shRNA) can be stably expressed in cells to down-modulate gene expression. While retroviral and lentiviral vectors can be used to deliver shRNAs, the restricted viral titer is the major limitation for efficient gene transfer, which is especially important for cancer gene therapy. We were interested in using replicating murine leukemia(More)
RNAi represents a powerful technology to specifically downregulate the expression of target genes. For cancer research and therapy, an efficient in vivo delivery system is supposed to distribute RNAi to all tumour cells upon systemic administration. We present replication-competent murine leukaemia virus (MLV) vectors, which deliver RNAi to tumour tissue(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM The cell line GH was established from germ-cell tumor tissue; human endogenous retrovirus-K (HERV-K) expression was detectable after prolonged culture of the cells, particularly in cells that formed domes and vesicles. In addition, keeping GH cells in culture at high cell densities increased HERV-K expression. Here, we studied whether this(More)
Cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCL) are characterised by clonal expansion of helper T lymphocytes that infiltrate the skin. Only a small number of cell lines exist to study cellular pathways leading to T-cell transformation and to identify new targets for intervention. We wanted to investigate the inhibition of mTOR as a possible therapeutic target in CTCL.(More)
Modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA) was generated by serial passaging in chicken embryo fibroblasts. During this attenuation, MVA lost the capacity to productively grow in human and most other mammalian cell lines, as well as acquiring a multitude of deletions and mutations in the MVA genome. This means that the precise molecular basis for the MVA(More)
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a mosquito-transmitted alphavirus that causes high fever, rash, and recurrent arthritis in humans. It has efficiently adapted to Aedes albopictus, which also inhabits temperate regions and currently causes large outbreaks in the Caribbean and Latin America. Ebola virus (EBOV) is a member of the filovirus family. It causes the(More)
Human endogenous retrovirus (HERV) genomes are chromosomally integrated in all cells of an individual. They are normally transcriptionally silenced and transmitted only vertically. Enhanced expression of HERV-K accompanied by the emergence of anti-HERV-K-directed immune responses has been observed in tumor patients and HIV-infected individuals. As HERV-K is(More)
Cancer gene therapy will benefit from vectors that are able to replicate in tumor tissue and cause a bystander effect. Replication-competent murine leukemia virus (MLV) has been described to have potential as cancer therapeutics, however, MLV infection does not cause a cytopathic effect in the infected cell and viral replication can only be studied by(More)