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Signalling by cGMP-dependent protein kinase type I (cGKI) relaxes various smooth muscles modulating thereby vascular tone and gastrointestinal motility. cGKI-dependent relaxation is possibly mediated by phosphorylation of the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor I (IP(3)RI)-associated protein (IRAG), which decreases hormone-induced IP(3)-dependent Ca(2+)(More)
BACKGROUND A role for the transient receptor potential (TRP) A1 ion channel in rat lower urinary tract (LUT) sensation and disease has been proposed, but in the human LUT no information on TRPA1 activity is available. OBJECTIVES To investigate the distribution of TRPA1 in the human urethra and to study the effect of TRPA1 agonists on isolated urethral(More)
Klinische Studien zeigten positive Effekte der Phosphodiesterase- (PDE-)5-Inhibitoren Sildenafil, Tadalafil und Vardenafil auf die irritative Symptomatik des benigen Prostatasyndroms. Unklar ist bisher, ob diese Substanzen auf die glatte Muskulatur in der Transitionalzone der Prostata und/oder auf den Detrusormuskel wirken. Das Ziel der Studie war die(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the expression of isoforms of the cyclic AMP (cAMP)-dependent protein kinase (cAK) in the transition zone of the human prostate and the functional significance of the enzyme in the control of prostate smooth muscle. METHODS Using Western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry, the expression and distribution in the prostate of(More)
AIMS Nitric oxide (NO) and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) signalling via cGMP controls smooth muscle tone. One important signalling pathway of cGMP-dependent protein kinase type I (cGKI) is mediated by IRAG (IP(3) receptor associated cGKI substrate) which is highly expressed in smooth muscle tissues. To elucidate the role of IRAG for NO- and ANP-mediated(More)
INTRODUCTION Besides the bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO), downstream guanine monophosphate (cGMP) effector proteins are also considered to play a significant role in penile vascular disease. In animal studies, a downregulation of the cGMP-dependent protein kinase-1 (cGKI) alpha isoform has been linked to erectile dysfunction and diabetes mellitus. So(More)
INTRODUCTION The cyclic adenosine monophosphate-dependent protein kinase (cAK) is considered a key protein in the control of smooth muscle tone in the cardiovascular system. There is evidence that erectile dysfunction might be linked to systemic vascular disorders and arterial insufficiency, subsequently resulting in structural changes in the penile tissue.(More)
cGMP-dependent kinase I (cGKI) is a major mediator of smooth muscle relaxation and exists in two isoforms, α and β. Both isoforms are supposed to mediate their effects via different intracellular signaling pathways. To verify this concept, the kinetics of relaxation mediated by either isoform was analyzed in gastric fundus smooth muscle from mice. Muscles(More)
Background Signalling by NO/cGMP is very important for regulation of vascular tone and gastrointestinal motility. One important signalling pathway of cGMP-dependent protein kinase type I (cGKI) is mediated by IRAG (IP3 Receptor Associated cGKI substrate) which is highly expressed in smooth muscle of cardiovascular and gastrointestinal tissue. In order to(More)
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