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We have isolated a novel gene, ASMTL (acetylserotonin methytransferase-like ), in the pseudoautosomal region (PAR1) on the human sex chromosomes. ASMTL represents a unique fusion product of two different full-length genes of different evolutionary origin and function. One part is homologous to the bacterial maf/orfE genes. The other part shows significant(More)
Extended abstract for the article " A quantum advantage for inferring causal structure " , Nature Physics (2015) [9]. Causal explanations are a singularly useful way of organizing one's knowledge about the world. This has long been recognized by philosophers and, in recent decades, motivated the development of a rigorous mathematical framework, which proved(More)
Due to its unique biology of partial sex linkage and high recombination rates, the pseudoautosomal region (PAR1) on both X and Y chromosomes has attracted considerable interest. In addition, an extremely high level of YAC instability has been observed in this region. We have derived 82 YAC clones from six different YAC libraries mapping to this 2.6-Mb(More)
The problem of using observed correlations to infer causal relations is relevant to a wide variety of scientific disciplines. Yet given correlations between just two classical variables, it is impossible to determine whether they arose from a causal influence of one on the other or a common cause influencing both, unless one can implement a randomized(More)
The framework of causal models is ideally suited to formalizing certain conceptual problems in quantum theory , and conversely, a variety of tools developed by physicists studying the foundations of quantum theory have applications for causal inference. This talk reviews some of the connections between the two fields. In particular , it is shown that(More)
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