Katja Oberhofer

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BACKGROUND Recent studies suggest that the architecture of spastic muscles in children with cerebral palsy is considerably altered; however, only little is known about the structural changes that occur other than in the gastrocnemius muscle. In the present study, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and subject-specific modelling techniques were used to compare(More)
Accurate modeling of the musculoskeletal system during motion is a challenging task that has not yet been solved. In this paper, we outline and validate a free-form deformation method called the Host Mesh Fitting (HMF) technique for predicting muscle deformation during walking of a subject-specific musculoskeletal model. 20 lower limb muscles were deformed(More)
Kinematic data from 3D gait analysis together with musculoskeletal modeling techniques allow the derivation of muscle-tendon lengths during walking. However, kinematic data are subject to soft tissue artifacts (STA), referring to skin marker displacements during movement. STA are known to significantly affect the computation of joint kinematics, and would(More)
BACKGROUND Knowledge of the musculoskeletal loading conditions during strength training is essential for performance monitoring, injury prevention, rehabilitation, and training design. However, measuring muscle forces during exercise performance as a primary determinant of training efficacy and safety has remained challenging. METHODS In this paper we(More)
This position paper proposes a modeling pipeline to develop clinically relevant neuromusculoskeletal models to understand and treat complex neurological disorders. Although applicable to a variety of neurological conditions, we provide direct pipeline applicative examples in the context of cerebral palsy (CP). This paper highlights technologies in: (1)(More)
Early increased sophistication of human tools is thought to be underpinned by adaptive morphology for efficient tool manipulation. Such adaptive specialisation is unknown in nonhuman primates but may have evolved in the New Caledonian crow, which has sophisticated tool manufacture. The straightness of its bill, for example, may be adaptive for enhanced(More)
BACKGROUND The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is the strongest ligament of the knee, serving as one of the major passive stabilizers of the tibio-femoral joint. However, despite a number of experimental and modelling approaches to understand the kinematics and kinetics of the ligament, the normal loading conditions of the PCL and its functional bundles(More)
We report Coulomb mediated hybridization of excitonic states in optically active InGaAs quantum dot molecules. By probing the optical response of an individual quantum dot molecule as a function of the static electric field applied along the molecular axis, we observe unexpected avoided level crossings that do not arise from the dominant single-particle(More)
BACKGROUND The goal of this review is to summarise and discuss the reported influence of muscle-tendon forces on anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) loading during the jump-landing task by means of biomechanical analyses of the healthy knee. METHODS A systematic review of the literature was conducted using different combinations of the terms "knee",(More)
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