Katja Kuehlmeyer

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BACKGROUND Decisions on limiting life-sustaining treatment for patients in the vegetative state (VS) are emotionally and morally challenging. In Germany, doctors have to discuss, together with the legal surrogate (often a family member), whether the proposed treatment is in accordance with the patient's will. However, it is unknown whether family members of(More)
Diagnosis and decisions on life-sustaining treatment (LST) in disorders of consciousness, such as the vegetative state (VS) and the minimally conscious state (MCS), are challenging for neurologists. The locked-in syndrome (LiS) is sometimes confounded with these disorders by less experienced physicians. We aimed to investigate (1) the application of(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the perceptions of family members of patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC) in regard to the patients' level of consciousness, communicative status, and prognosis as compared with the objective medical categories, and to elicit the family members' self-reported practice of treatment decision-making. DESIGN Cross-sectional(More)
BACKGROUND Physicians treating patients in the vegetative state (VS) must deal with uncertainty in diagnosis and prognosis, as well as ethical issues. We examined whether physicians' attitudes toward medical and ethical challenges vary across two national medical practice settings. METHODS A comparative survey was conducted among German and Canadian(More)
BACKGROUND Virtual Patients (VPs) have been in the focus of research in healthcare education for many years. The aim of our study was to analyze how virtual patients are described in the healthcare education literature, and how the identified concepts relate to each other. METHODS We performed a literature review and extracted 185 descriptions of virtual(More)
The beta-antagonistic agent propranolol is increasingly being used in clinical trials for the prophylaxis and treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This article discusses the evidence for the effectiveness of propranolol in the prophylaxis and treatment of PTSD and the ethical implications of research on these treatment approaches. The(More)