Learn More
The defining feature of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is degeneration of upper and lower motor neurons but extramotor involvement, evidenced for example by executive dysfunction, has also been demonstrated. Here we employed a novel functional imaging approach, the analysis of resting state activity, followed by the definition of functionally connected brain(More)
Some previous functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have revealed increased activation in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients but longitudinal data on such activation changes are lacking. To assess the time course of changes in fMRI patterns and their potential contribution to the understanding of ALS pathophysiology, we, therefore,(More)
Despite being one of the most devastating diseases known, there is little evidence for diagnosing and managing patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Although specific therapy is lacking, correct early diagnosis and introduction of symptomatic and specific therapy can have a profound influence on the care and quality of life of the patient and(More)
The evidence base for diagnosis and management of ALS is still weak, and curative therapy is lacking. Nonetheless, early diagnosis and symptomatic therapy can profoundly influence care and quality of life of the patient and relatives, and may increase survival time. This review addresses the current optimal clinical approach to ALS. The literature search is(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder. To determine predictors of survival, we studied different parameters in our ALS Database including 479 patients. The effects of individual prognostic factors of survival were studied using Kaplan-Meier life table. The prognostic value of each factor of interest was expressed in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is characterized by rapidly progressive paralysis of striated muscles due to the loss of upper and lower motor neurons. The disease leads to death within 2-5 years, mainly due to respiratory failure. The pathogenesis of ALS is still unexplained for the most part. In this study, we aimed to determine(More)
OBJECTIVES Writer's cramp (WC) is characterized by excessive cocontractions of agonist and antagonist hand and forearm muscles during writing. Changes in functional magnetic resonance imaging activation patterns in such conditions can be ambiguous as they might either reflect some aspect of the primary pathophysiological mechanism or, alternatively, may be(More)
The administration of dopamine agonists in Parkinson's disease has been associated with impulse control disorders, in particular, pathological gambling. In the present investigation, 17 patients with Parkinson's disease without impulse control disorders and 17 matched control participants were offered choices between monetary rewards (ranging between 11 and(More)
Previous studies have shown that in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) multiple motor and extra-motor regions display structural and functional alterations. However, their temporal dynamics during disease-progression are unknown. To address this question we employed a longitudinal design assessing motor- and novelty-related brain activity in two fMRI(More)
BACKGROUND The evidence base for the diagnosis and management of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is weak. OBJECTIVES To provide evidence-based or expert recommendations for the diagnosis and management of ALS based on a literature search and the consensus of an expert panel. METHODS All available medical reference systems were searched, and original(More)